At my birth, my mother asked "What is it?" immediately after I left her body, as if I was not human until I was sexed, gendered and categorized into the sex and gender binary (assigned both a sex and a gender identity in line with this sex). The doctor curiously responded, "It's a girl. No... it's a boy!" And so my life as non-binary began. I am neither a girl/woman nor a boy/man, regardless of the sex category assigned to my body.
Joshua M. Ferguson, Freedom 8.3 - Part of author's
"Rebooting/Recoding Trans/Gender" #TransIsBeautiful Photo Exhibit. (Photo: Jen Sungshine Copyright: Joshua M. Ferguson 2016)
The transgender metanarrative in our society is often focused on the lives of binary trans people -- trans men and trans women. So, even when we think about the possibility of someone being trans, we assume that they are either a trans man or a trans woman. This elevates the lives of binary trans people while excluding non-binary trans people from social and legal recognition.
Trans people are diverse, but we are not all the same. Non-binary trans people have been largely excluded from the discussion about trans people, and this erasure delegitimizes our identity. This erasure is increasingly important for non-binary trans people of colour who are already at an increased risk of discrimination, violence, police surveillance and incarceration.
What troubles me is that some people are acting out dangerous forms of transphobia to erase non-binary trans people.
In the West, we take gender to be a static given. Non-binary trans identities and expressions disrupt the gender binary of man/woman. To recognize non-binary trans identity, people must also recognize that, for some, gender is fluid and diverse. Consistency and intelligibility are aspects of legal recognition of personhood and if you cannot contain us in a category then the current mechanisms of the state do not know how to recognize us.
Image from Limina private screening event in June 2016 with the producers and directors, Florian Halbedl and Joshua M. Ferguson. (Copyright: Joshua M. Ferguson)
Recently, a University of Toronto tenured professor named Jordan Peterson proclaimed on YouTube and in the news that he would not recognize the existence of non-binary trans people. Professor Peterson claims that a rampant form of "political correctness" is the cause of identities that he claims are void of evidence. He refuses to recognize my human right to be respected as a non-binary trans person. What is Peterson scared of?
Our lives as non-binary trans people should be evidence enough of our existence. An effort to use the "political correctness" angle is an attempt to disguise transphobia as something else. Professor Peterson claims that he is not transphobic, but only considers binary trans people to be real. This form of transphobia refuses to recognize that trans people beyond the binary exist. We do exist and reductive sociomedical perspectives will not erode our existence.
CBC National took up this viral form of transphobia by holding a panel on their weekly The Sunday Talk show moderated by Wendy Mesley. The segment, entitled "Has Political Correctness Been Taken Too Far?", in part, discussed trans lives and pronouns related to Professor Peterson's public statement, but this panel did not include a trans person. It is problematic to discuss our lives, pronouns and identities without including us in these discussions. In the segment, Jonathan Kay referred to non-binary trans people and they/them pronouns as a "political project." It must be empowering to speak from such a privileged position to name a marginalized and oppressed group a "political project."
Fortunately, the tides are turning against these dangerous forms of transphobia meant to erase non-binary trans people. Non-binary gender (or at least a third gender space) now exists, in some form, in Australia, New Zealand, Bangladesh, Denmark, Germany, India, Nepal and New Zealand.
To actively refuse to use they/them/pronouns is not an unintentional mistake; rather, this refusal is illustrative of the systemic violence we face in our daily lives.
The year 2016 has come with important legal precedents in both Canada and the U.S. The U.S. has legally recognized non-binary gender in two states, Oregon (Jamie Shupe) and California (Sara Kelly Keenan), which have the potential to change federal policy. Shupe is struggling to get their identification to state non-binary gender classification, due to outdated binary-based DMV and State Department policies, but these governmental agencies will need to catch up with the law.
This past summer in Canada, the province of Ontario implemented changes to health cards in removing sex altogether and to driver's licenses by adding an X for gender-neutral identification. I advocate for non-binary classification instead of X, but an X also acts as a form of recognition for non-binary people who do not identify with M or F offered as the only choices on health cards, driver's licenses, passports and other forms of identification.
Nine provinces have explicit protection for gender identity under human rights code and six of these also protect gender expression. Canada's Federal government, led by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, has proposed legislation in the form of Bill C-16 that will introduce explicit protection for both gender identity and gender expression in the federal Human Rights Code, which includes protection against hate speech. Therefore, the dangerous forms of transphobia discussed will likely be challenged by federal law in the near future in Canada.
CTV News: Prof attacks 'political correctness' in genderless pronouns, Bill C-16 https://t.co/tfdVrXtVyI
— Jordan B Peterson (@jordanbpeterson) October 6, 2016
The erasure and exclusion of non-binary trans people also takes place because some people do not want to acknowledge they/them/their as a singular pronoun. And, some non-binary people, myself included, also appreciate the plural significations of "they" as some of us identify with more than one gender. Why would some people choose not to respect our right to be identified with this pronoun, especially considering the growing evidence of its legitimacy?
NPR notes that the use of "they" has existed longer than most think it has, particularly in the works of Shakespeare, Dickens and George Bernard Shaw. Universities are adopting new policies to introduce this pronoun into administration. And, The Oxford English Dictionary gives this definition of "they:" "singular noun or pronoun of undetermined gender: he or she" that dates back to the 16th century.
I have had countless discussions with people who ask about my pronouns. These discussions are a mind/mine-field of danger zones because people are paralyzed with the fear of getting it wrong. I believe both non-trans and trans people panic about pronouns because we operate under a powerful linguistic framework that constrains the way we speak about one another. The two available pronouns that we were conditioned into learning at a very young age -- he/she -- are dominant aspects of the English language. So, now "they" is being returned to the vernacular. Pronouns are of vital importance to trans people because they are one of the primary agents of autonomy that trans people have.
Our erasure puts our lives at risk and challenges our right to humanity.
I am not offended when people make unintentional mistakes when they slip and use the wrong pronouns. In fact, I welcome these mistakes because they can trigger a conversation about the power of language and about the importance of using the correct pronouns for trans people, because to fail to address someone correctly can misgender and out them. We need to recode and rethink our language in order to take into account trans people, but this does not happen by pushing away people who are not meaning to do harm by making a mistake. It happens by being empathetic and having understanding, because it takes time for people to catch up with shifts in language. However, to actively refuse to use they/them/pronouns is not an unintentional mistake; rather, this refusal is illustrative of the systemic violence we face in our daily lives.
Do not refuse to use my pronouns, which is a transphobic action. Try to use my pronouns by showing compassion and respect, and if you make a mistake then I will correct you with the same compassion that I expect of you.
Even Professor Peterson who says that he refuses to use "they" for non-binary trans people actually uses it in interviews with VICE and with CBC Radio Canada (see image below). It is likely Professor Peterson refutes the use of "they" as a singular pronoun here, but one has to admit that the language already exists to respect us as we are.
It is time to recognize and respect non-binary trans people. Our erasure puts our lives at risk and challenges our right to humanity.
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Munroe Bergdorf is a London DJ, designer, model and activist. She has spoken out about the difficulties and abuse she has faced as a transgender woman, shedding light on the issues facing the trans community, as well as bravely discussing her own experience as a victim of attempted rape. Bergdorf has encouraged transgender people not to be afraid of their identity, speaking out for Pride London’s #FreedomTo campaign earlier this year. After experiencing bullying as a teenager, Bergdorf said she had a lightbulb moment when she realised she had to “start being true to herself”. She has since described the decision to begin her transition as the “best decision I’ve ever made”. She told the Daily Mail: “I’m so much happier now than I was growing up. “I want people to know that it's okay to be different, and that you shouldn't be scared of being the person you are. “I talk quite openly now about what's I've been through and frequently speak publicly about trans rights and community issues. “I think it's important that the world understands and respects transgender people, the struggles that they face and the rights that they deserve.”
Paris Lees is a journalist, presenter and transgender rights campaigner who has challenged how the media talk about transgender issues. She founded the first British magazine aimed at the trans community, META, as well as working for a number of other publications. Lees has also made appearances on Question Time and Newsnight, as well as speaking at the Oxford Union. She currently works with Trans Media Watch to help Channel 4 remove transphobic material from its content. She has also spoken out over a number of incidents deemed transphobic, including media coverage of transgender teacher Lucy Meadows and a column by Julie Burchill in which she described trans people as "a bunch of bed-wetters in bad wigs". She was awarded the Positive Role Model Award for LGBT in the 2012 National Diversity Awards, Ultimate Campaigner at the Cosmopolitan Women of the Year Awards, and also topped the Independent on Sunday’s Pink List in 2013. After a tough start in life, which culminated in a spell in prison, Lees spoke of the change in media coverage of transgender people. Speaking when she was named Young Campaigning Journalist of the Year award at the MHPC 30 To Watch awards earlier this year, Lees said: “"When I first transitioned I was depressed and isolated. I looked to the media for inspiration and all I saw were people like me being ridiculed. "Five years on and things are looking very different."
Dr Jay Stewart was honoured for his services to the trans community with an OBE in 2014. He is a co-founder of Gendered Intelligence, a not-for-profit group which aims to increase understandings of gender diversity through creative ways, working with the trans community and those who have an impact on the lives of trans people. The group particularly specialises in supporting young trans people aged 11-25. Stewart led ‘What makes your gender? Hacking into the Science Museum’ – a £10,000 project funded by Heritage Lottery Fund with London’s Science Museum - as well as a number of other projects. As well as chairing Gendered Intelligence’ board of directors, Stewart also acts as a mentor and youth group session leader. Gendered Intelligence also provides age-appropriate workshops and assembles for primary school children to help them explore gender roles. When the initiative was criticised by a select few, Stewart spoke out on the importance of such education. In a statement on Gendered Intelligence's blog, he said: “It’s so important to teach children in schools that they can be anything that they want to be, regardless of the gender that they have been given at birth. They can be engineers, nurses and politicians; they can be caring and kind, strong and forthright; they can wear what they like and look how they like. It’s okay for all children to be girlish, boyish or anything in-between. “Our work at Gendered Intelligence includes going into primary school settings. It’s important because gender stereotyping and reinforcing gender norms start from a young age. “If we are going to tackle the prejudice in society towards those who express their gender differently from what is considered the norm, we need to introduce teaching early on in a person’s education. He added: “Trans people – like all people – have a right to an education in a safe environment. The only way to make school safe for trans pupils, and safe for everyone to express their gender, is to start talking about gender variance at the earliest possible opportunity.”
Sabah Choudrey helped found Trans Pride Britain, the first trans march in the UK. They also founded the QTIPOC Brighton Network for queer, trans and intersex people of colour, and desiQ for queer South Asian people in the London/South East area. Choudrey works for Allsorts Youth Project in Brighton as an LGBT/Trans/POC Youth Support Worker challenging racism in LGBT scenes, providing advocacy services and ‘Unlearning Racism’ training in LGBT spaces. They also work with Gendered Intelligence, providing support and mentoring for young trans people of colour. Choudrey speaks out about their experience of being trans and Muslim, as well as speaking at events such as TEDx talks. In a blog on HuffPost UK, Choudrey explained: “It has always been apparent to me that queerness is not something visible in non-white cultures. This was the history I was told. But this was the history rewritten by those that colonised the land of my mother and father, who criminalised queer in our land, and from then on, queer became synonymous with sin. “It is no surprise to me that it has taken me three more years to speak publicly about being Muslim and trans. “We're in a culture that teaches queer people that we don't deserve to be religious. We are taught to put faith only in ourselves because self love is the only love we will feel. Queer people don't deserve faith or hope, because why pray when you're already queer? Choudrey continued: “What society teaches us about religion is that it's a weakness, and I felt for years that it was being an Atheist that kept me strong. It wasn't until I was in a relationship with an Atheist and I finally talked about my Muslim background did I feel like Atheism had taken something from me I never wanted to let go of. “Accepting that I am Muslim again has been the hardest part of my journey. Accepting Islam back into my life has been the most challenging part of my identity. It does not feel easy yet. But it does feel true.”
Rebecca Root is an actress who appeared in the lead role in BBC romcom ‘Boy Meets Girl’, and has also appeared in a range of programmes including Hollyoaks, Casualty and Midsomer Murders. She will also be appearing in the upcoming film ‘The Danish Girl’ alongside Eddie Redmayne. However the actress is also a qualified voice coach - the only trans person to work as a voice and speech specialist in the UK today. She runs transgender voice adaptation sessions to help people to find a voice that they feel fits their gender. Her thesis, ‘There and Back Again: Adventures in Genderland’ has also attracted international attention and Root resented it at Harvard University. Speaking about the benefit of speech therapy for people who are transitioning, Root told the Telegraph: “The voice is more evident than what's between your legs, or on your chest. "I know some girls [people who have transitioned to female] who just don't care, who really don't mind sounding like what's considered a typical bloke. "But some say they simply won't talk because they haven't got what they think is the 'right' voice. "They won't make phone calls, and when they have to go to the shops they don't answer questions, they just mumble something. They're afraid of opening their mouths and that's such a shame." Root is also a mentor for young transgender people through Gendered Intelligence.
Fox Fisher starred in Channel 4’s documentary ‘My Transsexual Summer’ in 2011, which revealed the journey of a number of transgender people as they undertook a range of gender affirmation procedures. He went on to become the co-founder of My Genderation, an ongoing documentary project exploring gender variance. Fisher told the BBC: “Not only are we also trans* [written with an asterisk to denote a catch-all term for those defining across the gender spectrum] people, we have our own experience on the other side of the camera, as documentary subjects, on My Transsexual Summer, Channel 4, 2011. “These factors give us a very unique perspective and we are in a trusted position within a growing community. “We work alongside many UK and global gender support groups which share our vision of changing public perceptions already clouded by existing media fabrications and negative reporting of trans* people. Although things really are changing, there is a long way to go. “We make films independently, to humanise the process of transition, to allow the audience to empathise with trans* issues. We provide a platform to consider gender and all its constructs. We aim to provide engaging films on various aspects of being trans* and coming to terms with gender variance." He is also an ambassador for All About Trans - a project that "looks at creative ways to encourage greater understanding between trans people and media professionals to support better, more sensitive representation in the UK media." Fisher continues to speak out about the issues facing trans people in the UK. He also helped to found Trans Pride Brighton and has co-written a children’s book, entitled ‘Are You A Boy Or Are You A Girl?’.
Hannah Winterbourne (R) is the most senior transgender officer in the British Army. After a successful nine year career in the Armed Forces, which saw her graduate from Sandhurst and join the Royal and Mechanical Engineers, Winterbourne was in the middle of a tour of Afghanistan in 2012 when she decided she wanted to begin her transition. Despite the potential difficulties of such a masculine environment, she said that the army was “very, very supportive”. She told Wales Online: “ It is a great place for transgender personnel. They don’t care if you are LGBT, black or white, as long as you can do your job.” Winterbourne is now the Army’s transgender representative, which involves dealing with education and welfare, as well as helping with issues any trans soldiers may have. She is also a patron of Mermaid, a support group for children and teenagers with gender identity issues, as well as an ambassador for LGBT Sport Cymru. She told Wales Online: “A lot of inroads are being made with LGBT people breaking out into the mainstream. “I would say to someone reading this, ‘you are who you are and no amount of worrying or angst is going to change that so understand that who you are is absolutely fine. “Try to find someone you can confide in. “I want to show people what it looks like to be trans and happy.”
Alex Bertie is a trans YouTuber who has documented his experience of his transition since he was a teenager. Although just 20, Bertie has developed a strong following online with more than 150,000 subscribers and over nine million views on his channel TheRealAlexBertie. In his videos, Bertie describes various aspects of life as a transgender man, including medical appointments, relationships and coming out. He also provides helpful practical guides on his channel on topics such as buying chest binders, hair styling and coming out. As well as providing advice and support to young trans people, Bertie also gives tips to people who may have trans friends, family or colleagues, including how not to offend people and appropriate words to use. He told Ten Eighty magazine: “I’ve actually had a lot of parents talking to me. Like, parents have inboxed me on Facebook, which is so weird. They’re, like, older than my mum, and they’re open to talking about it, which is just amazing. They’re willing to reach out to young people, which I think is really, really cool. “Some people come to me with queries. They think their child might be going through what I’m going through, and they want to help them with that as much as possible. Other times, they’ve been directed by their kids to come and talk to me, or to watch my videos.” He added: “I think I do get a lot of positivity. More than I thought I’d get. Now and then, I do get the odd bit of confusion, or some hate, but that’s easily nipped in the bud just by information, just by education."
Roberta Francis, an underground queer poet, helped to set up London TAGS (Trans And Gender Non-Conforming Swimming) to give trans and non-binary identified people safe and positive space to enjoy swimming. After getting fed up with being misgendered by local leisure providers, Francis took the initiative and set up TAGS, working with Gendered Intelligence and in partnership with Lewisham Council. The sessions involve the private hire of a pool with both gender specific and gender neutral changing rooms available. Pool staff are also given training to ensure that gender issues are treated sensitively. Francis told Pink News: “I felt there was a big need for a swimming group in London to allow trans and gender non conforming people the opportunity to have access to a safe space. “Being able to swim is a basic right but for many trans people it can be really difficult because of how we are treated in the community as a whole.” She told xoJane that she knew that she was doing the right thing after the first session, She said: “The first night was wonderful. We got fantastic feedback from everyone who attended. The Fusion staff, reception, and lifeguards were helpful and friendly, which made everyone feel comfortable.” Francis is also determined to tackle discrimination in the classroom through her work as a supply teacher and has spoken out about the difficulties she has faced as a transgender person working in education.
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