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A closer inspection of the bacterial species revealed only few pathogenic species. Of those, most were unable to survive over long periods of time. There was little to no risk for infection. As to the majority of bacteria found, they were common, and harmless, fecal and skin bacteria. Even high frequency use of a toilet could not develop pathogens in high enough levels to cause infection.
As we say goodbye to the warmth of the fall and hello to winter, our thoughts turn to the season known as the holidays. We will undoubtedly hear of and be invited to a number of work parties, family gatherings, and social soirees. But while these moments may lead to our hearts being comforted, for many this season, another sensation may occur: gastrointestinal upset.
Based on studies dating back almost 40 years pathogens can become airborne in almost every environment. Once there, they can spread to unsuspecting victims leaving them vulnerable to illness.
February 4 of this year was a momentous day for numismatists as the Canadian Mint officially stopped distribution of the one-cent coin, the penny. While the reaction from Canadians was mixed, there was a general consensus that the loss was still a sad end to a 105-year era. The moment was also a sombre day for those striving to improve public health.