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Over the last few years, the human body's microbial population has been the subject of numerous discussions and controversies. But few topics have sparked as much interest as the concept of fecal microbiota transplantation, or FMT. This rather easy procedure has become a lightning rod for debates ranging from its effectiveness to ethical issues regarding donations.
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The results of this study suggest FP7 indeed may be a good candidate for influenza treatment down the road. With further testing in animals and eventually clinical trials in humans, we may be able to help those most vulnerable to unnecessary and dangerous outbursts of inflammation.
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The premise of a microbial-brain link suggests restoring gut microbial balance might be able to improve a healthy brain. Yet, figuring out the best method to accomplish this goal has been a challenge. One of the more promising routes involves fecal transplantation. Yet this method has yet to gain significant approval and has not been tested in regards to Alzheimer's disease.
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Why, at closer to 30 than 20, did my skin suddenly and unexpectedly resemble a painful slice of pepperoni pizza? I never experienced acne as a teen, and was utterly puzzled as to what was going on with my face just a few short months ago.
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The money raised through those taxes will have more impact if it is used to support prevention and counselling than it will by becoming part of general revenues used for various purposes. Second, the taxes will more likely be supported by the public if they are used for these specific ends.
A few months ago, the discovery of the antibiotic resistance gene mcr-1 sent shockwaves through the public and the health communities. This piece of bacterial DNA, also known as plasmid-mediated colistin resistance, revealed bacteria had developed a mechanism to tolerate yet another antibiotic.
The virus now threatens many areas of the United States. As the virus spreads, researchers across the globe are working tirelessly to learn more about the virus and to discover therapeutics and possibly a vaccine. Unfortunately, the pace of laboratory work is intrinsically slow and results may take years to develop.
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Over the five years I spent seeking treatment, my family and I encountered a seemingly endless series of obstacles -- from programs that couldn't accommodate me, to waiting lists that lasted much longer than my desire to get clean -- all of which combined to feel like the treatment system was designed for me to fail.
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Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the oldest ailments in human existence and for anyone suffering from this condition, the symptoms can be unbearable. At the microscopic level, the lining of the joints becomes inflamed and as a result, aches. Trying to figure out how to manage arthritis has been the goal of many researchers.
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There are two types of inflammation -- acute and chronic. Doctors can tell these apart by understanding the history of the inflammation, and by carefully examining the inflammation under their microscope of education and experience.
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UNAIDS has embraced the ambitious goal of ending the AIDS by 2030, and this has now been formally endorsed within the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals agenda. On World AIDS Day, UNAIDS will be calling for the world to achieve: "Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths."
Young women with breast cancer present our healthcare professionals with difficult cases. They are often diagnosed with aggressive forms of breast cancer that require tough therapies. And the powerful treatments needed to stop the cancer can cause many complex side effects for young women, including early menopause.
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One of the primary goals in understanding how the bacterium used its toxin to cause disease focused on the nature of bacterial growth in the body. After all, not everyone who was exposed ended up with illness. The first major discoveries revealed the toxin was not produced all the time.
We urgently need to expand access to HIV testing across Canada, and facilitate free access to HAART, care and support. We need stronger anti-discrimination legislation that protects those infected and those most at risk for acquisition of HIV infection. We must repel federal law criminalizing HIV exposure and introduce new laws that truly protect the safety of sex workers.