Immigration expert, Bora Laskin National Fellow in Human Rights Research
Stephanie J. Silverman, BA MA, DPhil, is an international expert in immigration detention, the Bora Laskin National Fellow for Human Rights Research, a SSHRC Postdoctoral Research Fellow at GSPIA, University of Ottawa, an Adjunct Professor in Ethics, Society, and Law at the University of Toronto, and an International Advisor with the International Detention Coalition.
A designated country of origin (DCO) is a country declared as "safe," on grounds that it can provide adequate protection to its citizens and therefore not likely to produce refugees. It also discounts the treatment of some minority groups in so-called "safe" countries perhaps most particularly, the Roma in Europe.
If Bill C-31, "Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act," passes in parliament, Canada will lose its reputation for fairness and human rights and, more importantly, hundreds if not thousands of people's lives will be adversely affected. Refugees would be ineligible to sponsor any immediate family members and these refugees would be second-class people in Canada.