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And it could have big economic implications.
Human health, community well-being and the global climate system can't wait. It's been more than six years since accidental oil spills were identified as the most significant threat to Arctic marine environments, and five years since the IMO first discussed the issue of HFO.
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Larger cargo carrying ships, tankers and larger cruise ships almost always use heavy fuel oil (HFO), one of the world's dirtiest and most polluting ship fuels. In the global Arctic, these large vessels comprise only 28 per cent of vessels, but consume 75 per cent of the total annual fuel used in the region.
"(The code) is a necessary first step but it doesn't address the big issue."
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