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Adhering to medications has the potential to bring about very positive results in the overall population. The thinking is that if you increase the number of HIV-positive people on treatment, you lower the total amount of virus circulating in a community and, ultimately, reduce the number of new HIV infections.
The adolescent years are tough by any standards. The decade between 10 years and 20 brings multiple challenges -- changing bodies, complex interpersonal peer relationships, navigating increasing independence, experiencing sex and intimacy, completing school and facing the future.
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The grandmothers in sub-Saharan Africa face triple jeopardy caused by gender, age and exposure to diseases that are associated with aging. Many are affected and infected by HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB. At the same time they are invisible in the statistics and often in the public consciousness.
Vulnerable population groups including, Indigenous communities, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, sex workers, prison inmates, women and transgender communities, still experience considerable health, social and political inequities, confront human rights injustices, and shoulder the brunt of new HIV infections.