Sitting in the lounge of a hostel in Munich, I looked around and noticed most people were consumed, not by interesting conversations with other worldly people, but by their electronic devices. In a setting where travellers normally gather to meet fellow globetrotters, laptops, tablets and smartphones were in abundant supply, while personal interaction was not.
A flyer in the lift of the hostel said wifi was available in the lounge but not in the dorms to discourage people from hibernating in their rooms. Internet in the common areas, it was assumed, would force guests to gather at one central location and mingle. But is that really how it works or has technology encouraged people to be less interactive in an otherwise hyper-social environment?
With wifi now a staple in most accommodations, backpackers no longer need to rely on other travellers for advice and directions -- Googlemaps and TripAdvisor can take care of that.
Could the ever-present book exchange shelf be next to go? I bet Amazon, owner of the Kindle, hopes the answer is yes. In August, the company announced that e-book sales since the beginning of 2012 had outstripped sales of hardback and paperback books on Amazon.co.uk. Kindle and other e-readers give users easy, space-saving access to thousands of books, freeing up extra luggage room for more chargers, batteries and gadgets.
And as smartphones become more affordable, even budget-minded backpackers can be card-carrying members of the technology age. Research firm Forrester even predicted 1-billion people globally will have smartphones by 2016.
Veronika Puskas, manager at the Wombats City Hostel in Budapest, said technology-consumed travellers are a common sight at her hostel. "I think that's the most common question: 'what's the password for the wifi?' That's the first thing [people ask]," she said.
Despite being a fairly large hostel with 461 beds, Wombats Budapest only has two computers for guest-use because most guests come equipped with their own smart devices. All they need is access to the Internet.
The Wombats hostel chain has facilities in Berlin, Budapest, Munich and Vienna, all of which offer free wifi. But Puskas said the hostel works to maintain a lively social atmosphere by organising parties, having a large breakfast area and offering a common kitchen where guests can cook together. And the bar next to the lounge helps too.
With smart devices becoming as essential as guidebooks and flag pins, some in the travel industry are seeing this development as an opportunity.
WeHostels, for example, allows travellers to make a hostel reservation on its mobile app and then connect with other people staying in the same hostel in advance of their trip by, for instance, writing on the wall of another user or becoming Facebook friends. The company says it has over 70,000 members in more than 120 countries.
Diego Saez-Gil, CEO of WeHostels, believes his company is using technology to make travel and the hostel experience more interactive. He said, "The growth of portable computers and mobile devices has made travel in some cases more individualistic but in several cases we have observed the opposite.
"We have observed that technology has facilitated connections, has facilitated friendships and has facilitated people to meet new people."
Saez-Gil also points out that the social atmosphere is what draws people to hostels in the first place. "We found that many people go to hostels not because they're cheap but because they want to make friends, because of the social aspect of that kind of accommodation," he said, pointing to a hostel in New York where private rooms go for $115 per night.
While the need for social interaction between travellers might be fading, the desire for it is still seems to be thriving.
Costa Rica's Harmony Hotel is a haven for the ecoconscious world traveler. The hotel uses a greywater wetland system, which recirculates shower water to irrigate the hotel's supply of banana trees, and the pool employs a salt based chlorine-free purification system. The hotel's restaurant produces dishes from its on-site garden, uses "green" dishware made of coconuts and reclaimed marble and worm-based composting.
North Carolina's Proximity Hotel is the first hotel in the United States to be awarded Platinum LEED certification. This green hotel employs 100 solar panels to power its showers, restaurant refrigeration equipment runs on geothermal energy and energy-efficient operable windows help to illuminate the hotel.
Composed of seven eco-bungalows, Chumbe Island Coral Park is located on Zanzibar, an island off of Tanzania. The eco-bungalows use rainwater filtered from its roof collection system, photovoltaic panels for energy, and composting toilets, which provide the greenest in eco-accomodations. Chumbe's park rangers offer guided walks of the island's virgin coral rag forest and snorkeling expeditions of the Chumbe Reef Sanctuary. The hotel's chefs prepare food inspired by Zanzibarian, Arabic, African and Indian cuisine.
Located in Kachemak Bay State Park, Sadie Cove Wilderness Lodge is unplugged. The Lodge generates its own electricity from wind and hydro power systems. Guests can stay in hand-crafted cabins made from scavenged driftwood, equipped with a sauna, bath house, and a dining hall where a professional chef prepares local dishes made from Alaskan ingredients. The hotel provides kayaks and fishing equipment. Visitors can also watch for Alaska's native animals, like the bald eagle, grizzly bear, and humpback whales, which live in the State Park.
The Centro Ecologico Sian Ka'an is an ecolover's paradise in Tulum, Mexico. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is located near Tulum's Mayan Ruins. CESiaK's lodgings (raised tent cabins and hotel rooms) uphold green building standards and situate guests along Tulum's beach coastline. Proceeds from the hotel maintain CESiaK's initiatives such as sea turtle protection, endemic plant nursery conservation, alternative energy generators and education programs.
Hotel Mizpe Hayamim, surrounded by the Sea of Galilee, is an upscale forerunner in eco-conscious tourism. The hotel runs its own organic vegetable farm, which supplies the hotel's restaurants. Additionally, the milk produced by the cows at Mizpe Hayamim's animal farm is used to make yogurts and cheeses, while the hotel's free range chickens provide a daily supply of eggs. The hotel also boasts a vegetarian restaurant in addition to its main restaurant.
Maho Bay's eco-resort hosts two types of accommodations: the Maho Tent Cottages and the Harmony Studios, apartment style eco-residences. Established in 1976 in the Virgin Islands National Park, Maho Bay is perhaps the world's most famous ecolodge.
The Gyreum Eco-Lodge, Ireland's initial EU Eco-label certified eco-lodge, sleeps forty five visitors in its dorm-room style lodgings. The main building was made from scrap timber and the roof was constructed from sheep's wool and fiberglass from an abandoned mushroom farm. The lodge's water system is heated by wind power and its secondary energy supply comes from a geothermal heat pump.
The Gaia Napa Valley Hotel is the first hotel in the world to be Gold LEED certified. The hotel boasts Forest Stewardship Council certified lumber and a forty percent reduction of water use compared to other accommodations in the area. Also, be sure to check out the nearby host of California wineries from HuffPost Green's Top Ten Eco-friendly Wineries.
Nestled in the Pyrennes Mountains near Barcelona, the Centre Ecologic Llemena Hostel contains two possible lodgings: the 12th century main house and the hostel's camping grounds. The hostel offers a swimming pool filled with water from a nearby stream, woodlands for bikers and hikers, and a trail that leads to local ruins. The hostel features an organic vegetable garden and a shop that sells organic food, wine and toiletries.
Follow Valentina Jovanovski on Twitter: www.twitter.com/Valentina_Jov