GENEVA - Russia cleared a major hurdle toward opening up its huge oil-driven economy Thursday, with negotiators agreeing to final terms that would allow it to join the World Trade Organization after an 18-year effort.
Until now, Russia has been the only member of the Group of 20 leading economies still outside the WTO. A panel of WTO negotiators put their stamp of approval Thursday on a package of terms for Russian membership that is expected to be approved by trade ministers at a WTO high-level conference in mid-December.
Once that is approved, Russia's membership would take effect 30 days after it notifies WTO that it has ratified membership — presumably early next year.
As part of the deal, Russia has agreed to gradually lower its average tariff ceiling to 7.8 per cent from its current 10 per cent.
Tariffs on agriculture products will drop to 10.8 per cent from 13.2 per cent, and tariffs on manufactured goods lowered to 7.3 per cent from an average this year of 9.5 per cent.
Russia has pledged no tariffs on cotton and information technology products.
Foreign manufacturers have been closing watching what tariffs Moscow will accept, and whether it would cave to outside demands for tighter enforcement of intellectual property rights.
WTO's director general, Pascal Lamy, said Russia has taken "a big step" by joining the Geneva-based international organization where nations agree to abide by trade rules, and hammer out their disputes in binding agreements.
"In acceding to the WTO, Russia embraces a series of rules and commitments that are the foundation of an open, transparent and nondiscriminatory global trading system," he said.
"This win-win result will bring Russia more firmly into the global economy and make it (a) more attractive place to do business."
A day earlier at WTO headquarters in Geneva, Russia signed a deal with Georgia, its neighbour and one-time foe, that removed the last major obstacle to Moscow's membership.
The deal would essentially involve a neutral company monitoring all trade between the two nations, including the breakaway Georgian provinces of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.