The S&P/TSX composite index edged up 5.02 points to 12,220.45 after China's Premier Wen Jiabao promised more tax cuts and measures to boost consumer spending during a speech to the World Economic Forum. The TSX Venture Exchange rose 3.89 points to 1,274.6.
The Canadian dollar closed up 0.45 of a cent to a 13-month high of 102.75 cents US as the greenback weakened ahead of the Federal Reserve’s two-day meeting on interest rates. The U.S. central bank could announce another round of quantitative easing, which would see the Fed print more money to buy up bonds in order to keep interest rates low and encourage lending.
U.S. markets were higher as the Dow Jones industrials gained 69.07 points to 13,323.36.
The Nasdaq composite index was 0.51 of a point higher to 3,104.53. Shares in Apple Inc. were down slightly a day before the tech icon was expected to announce a new iPhone. It may also unveil a mini iPad. The company’s stock declined $2.15 to US$660.59.
The S&P 500 index was ahead 4.48 points to 1,433.56.
There were increased expectations that the Fed would provide another jolt for the economy after jobs data released Friday failed to meet modest expectations of 125,000 new jobs. Instead, the U.S. economy cranked out 97,000 jobs and employment numbers for June and July were revised downward.
However, there is a degree of uncertainty as to whether the Fed will act now, especially as it may not want to become a key point of debate in the upcoming U.S. presidential election.
"They can’t be seen to be doing too much in the way of massive stimulus," said Gavin Graham, president of Graham Investment Strategy.
"For example, in the days when the Fed could still cut interest rates, by the time you got to July, August, that was about as late as you could go in terms of changing rates because after that it would be attempting to influence the election."
Meanwhile, Wen's commitment to stimulative measures came a day after data showed that China’s economic slump is worsening.
China's imports declined 2.6 per cent from a year earlier during August, below analysts’ expectations of growth in low single digits. That came on top of August’s decline in factory output to a three-year low and other signs growth is still decelerating despite repeated stimulus efforts.
A slowing Chinese economy is particularly bad news for commodity prices and stocks on the resource-intensive Toronto stock market.
The TSX felt late session pressure from the financial sector, which finished the day down 0.33 per cent. TD Bank (TSX:TD) shed 67 cents to $81.57 while Royal Bank (TSX:RY) gave up 63 cents to $55.81.
Telecoms also pressured the TSX as Telus Corp. (TSX:T) declined 71 cents to $61.61.
Resource stocks led TSX gainers while commodities moved higher.
The energy sector was ahead 0.47 per cent as the October crude contract on the New York Mercantile Exchange moved up 63 cents to US$97.17 a barrel. Canadian Natural Resources (TSX:CNQ) was up 55 cents to $32.18 while Precision Drilling (TSX:PD) advanced 23 cents to $8.43.
The mining sector was up 1.5 per cent while December copper on the Nymex was up one cent to US$3.70 a pound, adding to a 17-cent jump over the past two sessions. Teck Resources climbed $1.54 to $30.77 while HudBay Minerals (TSX:HBM) was up 38 cents to $9.47.
December bullion gained $3.10 to US$1,734.90 an ounce and the gold sector was unchanged.
Industrials also provided lift as Canadian National Railways (TSX:CNR) advanced 82 cents to $91.17.
Traders also took in a sobering warning from Moody’s Investors Service.
The ratings agency says it would likely cut its "Aaa" rating on U.S. government debt, probably by one notch, if key budget negotiations fail.
If Congress does not reach a budget deal, more than US$600 billion in spending cuts and tax increases will kick in next year, a scenario that’s been dubbed the “fiscal cliff” because it is likely to send the economy back into recession and drive unemployment up.
Traders also looked ahead to an important court decision being handed down on Wednesday.
A German court is expected to rule on a request to block the country’s approval of the eurozone’s permanent bailout fund, the European Stability Mechanism, or ESM.
The Germany Federal Constitutional Court on Tuesday rejected a last-minute plea to postpone its ruling.
Plaintiffs had argued the European Central Bank’s decision last week to buy up government bonds "created a completely new situation" regarding whether the €500 billion fund was constitutional.
The court’s decision on the injunction is widely anticipated as a harbinger of how it might rule on the constitutionality of the ESM overall.
In corporate news, U.S. mall owner General Growth Properties, Inc., whose major shareholder is Toronto-based Brookfield Asset Management (TSX:BAM.A), has rejected an activist investor's push for a sale of the company to a rival American mall owner. The board of directors at GGP filed a letter Monday to Bill Ackman's Pershing Square Capital saying that it has decided to continue its current path for growth. Brookfield shares dipped 16 cents to $34.09.