01/06/2013 10:00 EST | Updated 03/08/2013 05:12 EST

New EI Changes Take Effect Today

Canadians who are looking for work while claiming Employment Insurance saw several changes go into effect Sunday stemming from the federal government's EI reform announced in last year's March budget.

Claimants will be able to sign up for a "new, much simpler to use" job alerts system that will see job postings from a variety of sources emailed to subscribers twice a day, Human Resources Minister Diane Finley said in a news release.

Other measures, including changes to the definitions of "suitable employment" and "a reasonable job search" also came into effect Sunday. They were first announced by Finley in May.

Under the new regulations, several factors such as type of work, wages, commuting time, working conditions, hours of work, and personal circumstances, will be considered when defining "suitable employment."

In determining these criteria, EI claimants will be placed in one of three categories:

- Long-tenured workers: "those who have paid at least 30 per cent of the annual maximum EI premiums for 7 of the past 10 years and who, over the last 5 years, have collected EI regular or fishing benefits for 35 weeks or less."

- Frequent claimants: "those who have had three or more claims for EI regular or fishing benefits and have collected benefits for a total of more than 60 weeks in the past 5 years."

- Occasional claimants: "all other claimants."

The federal government recently introduced Bill C-44, the Helping Families in Need Act, to give parents who receive EI parental benefits access to sickness benefits and create a new EI benefit for parents of critically ill children.

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Other efforts to make EI a "more efficient program" include:

- Improving the way EI benefits are calculated (this goes into effect on Jan. 7).

- Limiting the EI premium rate increases to 5 cents each year until the EI operating account is balanced.

- Extending the $1,000 hiring credit for small businesses for one year.

- Introducing a "Working While on Claim" pilot project.