Idle No More movement demonstrations were held across the country, as natives joined other activists to oppose Stephen Harper's changes to environmental oversight and urge action on native rights.
A simple message from one unidentified Algonquin grandmother on the Hill seemed to bring the argument into focus. She pleaded with the Harper government to reinstate environmental protections for Canada's waterways that were removed in the last omnibus budget bill.
"We need water to live," she said.
"And we have to make sure that this message gets to the people that are sitting in this (House of Commons)."
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As about 200 protesters made noise outside, NDP critic Romeo Saganash tabled a private member's bill in the Commons which would require that all federal legislation be compatible with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Saganash was a key architect of the declaration.
"The prime minister still hasn't honoured his commitments from last year to restore a respectful dialogue with First Nations," Saganash said in a news release. "By harmonizing federal laws with the UN Declaration on Indigenous Rights, he would be taking an important step towards reconciliation."
The Conservatives have endorsed the declaration but see it as a non-binding "aspirational" document that has no impact on Canadian legislation.
Behind the scenes, the Assembly of First Nations officials are talking to government officials about meetings between Harper and National Chief Shawn Atleo that would deal with modernizing ancient treaties and speeding up land claims.
That process is "off to a good start," said Conservative House Leader Peter Van Loan.
He said the government envisions two separate processes: one for modernizing treaties and the other for speeding up land claims.
But he said there is no way the Harper government will back down from changes to environmental oversight contained in two budget omnibus bills that were passed last year.
The budget bills were designed to encourage natural resource extraction, but critics say they weakened environmental stewardship. It's the one area that unites First Nations grassroots activists, chiefs and environmentalists alike.
"Among the greatest beneficiaries of those changes will be First Nations," Van Loan said. "We are firmly committed to the changes that we have made. It's part of ensuring Canada's long-term economic prosperity."
That just shows that the Tories have closed their ears to the pleas of protesters demanding change, said Kitigan Zibi Chief Gilbert Whiteduck.
"The government is not listening," he said.
"Canadians are listening, but this government is not listening."
The prime minister disagreed, telling the Commons that his government is listening, and acting.
"Protection of aboriginal treaty rights and also consultations in these various processes are, in fact, enshrined in the very laws that this government has passed," said Harper.
"We have made on top of that, Mr. Speaker, unprecedented investments into things that will make a concrete difference in the lives of people."
Interim Liberal leader Bob Rae, though, said the government's goal can't be reached without native participation.
"We're only going to have major resource development in the country, in the north of this country, if we have a better working relationship with the First Nations people right across the country," he said.