Efforts to close Canada's gender gap are moving at a rate so slow, it could take Canadian women 228 years to catch up to men.
Although Canada received an A+ in areas of health and education for women, a new report by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA), looks at Canada's gender gap in the last 20 years and reveals we lag behind in closing the gap for women in the areas of politics and income equality.
The CCPA used methods from the World Economic Forum's 2012 report on the global gender gap, to calculate Canada's scores in health, education, economics and politics. Overall, the country scored a .7 out of 1.0 where 1.0 represents no gap. However, this score rose a meagre 2.3 per cent in the last 20 years, a rate that would require 228 years for women to reach parity.
“I won’t be alive to see it close and neither will my children or my grandchildren," author Kate McInturff said in a statement.
But the biggest downfall for Canada is suffered by its female legislators, senior officials and managers. When looking at economics, countries are scored on labour-force participation, income and ratio of women to men in professional, technical and management positions.
“The economic gender gap is not due to a lack of qualifications, given Canada’s high levels of equality in access to education,” McInturff said. “In fact, the income gap is actually greater for women with university or college degrees than it is for those with high school diplomas. Having a university degree means a higher level of income overall, yes, but it also means facing a higher level of wage discrimination."
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The forecast is even worse for Canadian women in politics. Although Canada now has six female premiers, the country's even further behind in equal representation in government. Currently, women only make up 25 per cent of the federal legislature.
"At this rate, Canada will close the gap on political participation in 392 years," McInturff said in the report. "Canada will not achieve the equal representation of women in Parliament, in cabinet, and as heads of state until the year 2404."
When women do hold positions in politics, Canadian advocacy group Equal Voice says they're still plagued by negative stereotypes of women's abilities, media unbalance and sexist perceptions.
Solutions to closing this gap aren't simple, especially if Canada is looking for change in the near future. McInturff said not only do women need to participate in greater numbers in government, but this representation also needs to be supported by funding robust civil society organizations that work towards gender equality.
In order to facilitate women's increased representation in government, government structure has to be easier to participate in, according to Alison Loat, co-founder and executive director of nonprofit advocacy group Samara and Huffington Post Canada blogger. Loat says shorter parliamentary sessions, reliable childcare for families and more staff support to members of parliament could encourage more women to pursue political involvement.