08/14/2013 08:13 EDT | Updated 10/14/2013 05:12 EDT

Doctors Without Borders: Somalia Pull-Out Prompted By Threats

Abshira Abdukadir, a four-year-old Somali girl suffering from severe diarrhea and having trouble breathing, is looked after by a Medecins Sans Frontieres doctor Luana Lima (R) and her parents Salatho (L) and Ali (not pictured) hours after they finally reached a refugee camp in northeast Kenya and were able to get medical assistance for their ailing daughter on July 6, 2011. Abshira's parents who etched a living as farmers in Baradhere, Somalia, say that their daughter became sick 10 days ago and they finally decided to leave their home in Somalia, where, they say 'for the last six months nothing was growing'. Dadaab, a complex of three settlements, is the world's largest refugee camp. Built to house 90,000 people and home to more than four times that number, it was already well over its maximum capacity before an influx of 30,000 refugees in June. AFP PHOTO/Roberto SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
NAIROBI, Kenya - The aid group Doctors Without Borders said Wednesday it is pulling out Somalia after 22 years of work there because of attacks on its staff.

Doctors Without Borders, also known by its French initials as MSF, said the decision is the result of "extreme attacks on its staff in an environment where armed groups and civilian leaders increasingly support, tolerate, or condone the killing, assaulting, and abducting of humanitarian aid workers."

The pull-out comes about a month after the release of two Spanish women who were MSF employees and who were abducted in a Kenyan refugee camp and held in Somalia for nearly two years. The group said the pull-out will cut off hundreds of thousands of Somali civilians from humanitarian aid.

"In choosing to kill, attack, and abduct humanitarian aid workers, these armed groups, and the civilian authorities who tolerate their actions, have sealed the fate of countless lives in Somalia," said Dr. Unni Karunakara, MSF's international president. "We are ending our programs in Somalia because the situation in the country has created an untenable imbalance between the risks and compromises our staff must make, and our ability to provide assistance to the Somali people."

The pull-out is a huge blow to Somalis in need but also the reputation of the country, which has been seen as making strides in security and governance. Somalia fell into anarchy in 1991 and for much of the last decade Mogadishu was ruled by warlords and al-Qaida-aligned militants. Those militants from al-Shabab were forced out of the capital in 2011, and a new government was voted into place.

Al-Shabab still controls much of the country's south. The group allows very few outside aid groups to operate in its territory.

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