Notes taken during a board meeting last November reveal Own the Podium officials discussed whether focusing on athletes participating in the Winter Games would provide a better return on investment.
"A key question was if Canada would be No. 1 in winter (both gold and total) at the expense of summer, would we do this," the notes read.
Own the Podium CEO Anne Merklinger acknowledges such a discussion did take place.
"It is our job as a board and senior management team in the organization to make sure we continue to ask the tough questions of ourselves," Merklinger said.
"After a good, healthy discussion ... it was reinforced we need to do exactly what we are doing right now and that is to help more Canadian athletes win more medals and in a variety of contexts."
Podium Canada, more commonly known as Own the Podium, funds programs that provide Canadian athletes with coaching, training and medical support in order to help them win medals at the Olympic Games.
Currently, the program is investing more in athletes participating in the Summer Games, spending $33.8 million for the 2013-14 summer sport season.
Alternatively, for the 2013-14 winter sport season, Own the Podium has invested $23.8 million.
Despite the larger investment, Canada won 18 medals, including just one gold medal, during the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. Canada ranked 13th in overall medals.
In contrast, during the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada won 26 medals, including 14 gold medals, placing third overall in the medal count.
Merklinger says Own the Podium has made adjustments based on results, including dropping support for sports such as field hockey.
There are also plans to review how Canadian athletes perform during the upcoming Winter Olympic Games in Sochi next year.