Jones, who has had a spate of legal troubles, was arrested around 2:30 a.m. after the vehicle he was in was pulled over for driving 60 mph in a 45 mph zone on a highway in Cincinnati, State Patrol Lt. Anne Ralston said.
The driver was cited for drunken driving while Jones was cited for disorderly conduct. Both charges are misdemeanours.
Jones and the driver were released and have court hearings set for Friday.
Jones' agent and his attorney did not immediately return phone calls seeking comment on Monday.
Ralston said Jones said something during the traffic stop that was "likely to be offensive or to cause inconvenience, annoyance or alarm to persons of ordinary sensibilities."
Jones was arrested on an assault charge in June after being accused of hitting a woman at a nightclub. He has pleaded not guilty and is awaiting trial.
Jones also was arrested in July 2011, when he was accused of being disorderly, shouting profanities and trying to pull away as officers arrested him at a downtown bar.
As part of an agreement to settle that case, he pleaded guilty to a misdemeanour count of disorderly conduct and was sentenced to one year of probation and 50 hours of community service.
Last year, Jones was ordered to pay $11 million to two Las Vegas strip club employees injured in 2007 when a gunman claiming he was doing Jones' bidding opened fire outside the club after Jones and his entourage were kicked out. A club manager was paralyzed from the waist down, and a bouncer was wounded.
Jones said he had no role in the shooting and pleaded an equivalent of no contest to misdemeanour conspiracy to commit disorderly conduct. The gunman is serving four to 10 years in prison.
Jones was the sixth overall pick in 2005 but repeatedly had off-field issues with his team, the Tennessee Titans, resulting in suspensions. He missed the 2007 season on suspension and sat out the 2009 season when no team was interested in him.
The Bengals gave Jones another chance, and he has taken advantage of it, developing into their third cornerback and punt returner. Jones played in Sunday's 34-30 win against the Green Bay Packers.