In a news release Thursday, Industry Minister James Moore said wireless companies will lose the right to use wireless spectrum they already own if it's not being used to offer services to Canadians by March 2014.
The spectrum is in the 2,300- and 3,500-MHz band and unrelated to the upcoming auction of new, more powerful 700-MHz spectrum.
"Beginning in March 2014, 2300 MHz and 3500 MHz spectrum licences will be subject to renewal," Moore said in a release. "These spectrum licences contained conditions requiring that the spectrum be used for fixed wireless access, which represents the most affordable high-speed internet access for many rural Canadians."
"Our government will only renew spectrum licences for those holders that have met all conditions of licence. Those that have not used the spectrum will lose it," Moore said.
New spectrum auction
Those bands of spectrum are already being used to transmit wireless signals in various parts of the country. But some packets of that spectrum are not currently being used, despite having been paid for by telecom firms several years ago.
Canada's telecom incumbents are often accused of "hoarding" spectrum by buying it up so that others can't use it, but failing to use it effectively themselves — an accusation they deny.
In the recent throne speech, the federal government said improving telecommunications to rural areas will be a focus of this government in the coming year. And in his statement Thursday, Moore said the most affordable way to do that is by issuing those spectrum licences to support fixed wireless services.
"Today's decision means Canadians will benefit from additional quality spectrum being deployed across the country, which will lead to dependable high-speed internet services on the latest technologies at the best prices," Moore said.
"Our government will continue to enhance rural access to high-speed broadband networks and will continue to put consumer interests at the core of our decisions."
Regardless of whether their old unused spectrum is confiscated, the move does not impact the ability of companies to bid on the 700-MHz early next year.