Fee and chee: Fish and chips, made with fresh cod.
Scruncheons: Salt pork fat, also called fatback; can be used for frying foods or fried itself in small pieces to use as a side dish or garnish.
Fish and brewis (pronounced "brews"): A traditional breakfast dish combining boiled salt cod and reconstituted brewis or hardtack biscuits. To make, soak salt cod steaks or fillets overnight in water. Separately soak brewis (very hard oval biscuits about 7.5 cm by 4 cm/3 inches by 1 1/2 inches, made of flour and water and a bit of salt) overnight to reconstitute to three or four times their size. Boil fish and brewis separately, then saute together with onions and scruncheons. The biscuits will have a dumpling-like texture.
Partridgeberries: The same as Scandinavian lingonberries; tart red berries related to cranberries but smaller and juicier; grow in the dry, acidic soils of the province's barrens and coastal headlands; a special favourite of Newfoundlanders.
Bakeapples: Called cloudberries elsewhere; they look like small, round, amber raspberries and their flavour is rather like apricots with honey, somewhat floral and earthy, musky tart-sweet; grow in bogs, marshes and wet meadows in mainly mountainous areas; also a provincial favourite.
Jiggs dinner: A one-pot dinner of boiled salt meat and vegetables. Probably got its name from a comic strip called "Bringing Up Father" (also known as "Maggie and Jiggs") that started in 1913; Jiggs was an Irishman transplanted to the U.S. whose favourite meal was the somewhat similar corned beef and cabbage.
Fruit dough (pronounced and often spelled duff): A steamed pudding, often made with blueberries; traditionally but not necessarily boiled in a cotton bag in the same pot with a Jiggs dinner; may be served with a brown sugar or rum sauce.
Figgy pudding or figgy dough (duff): Traditional Christmas pudding made with dried fruits, raisins, walnuts, breadcrumbs, a bit of flour, sugar or molasses and spices (no figs).
Source: Andrea Maunder, owner of Bacalao in St. John's, N.L.
Note to readers: This is a corrected story. A Nov. 18 version incorrectly stated that fee and chee, or fish and chips, is made with salt cod. In fact, the dish is made with fresh cod.