OTTAWA - The Conservative government is spending $40 million this year to advertise Canada's natural resource sector — principally oil and gas — at home and abroad.
Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver revealed the figure Wednesday as his department seeks another $12.9 million to augment an international campaign designed to portray Canada as a stable and environmentally responsible source of energy.
That will bring NRCan's 2013-14 ad budget to about $40 million — $24 million for advertising abroad and $16.5 million for the domestic market.
"The government has a responsibility to provide Canadians with facts to assist them in making informed decisions," Oliver, under opposition questioning, told a Commons committee.
"This engagement and outreach campaign will raise awareness in key international markets that Canada is an environmentally responsible and reliable supplier of natural resources."
The entire federal government advertising budget last year was about $65 million, according to preliminary estimates, with $9 million allotted for Natural Resources.
In 2010-11, NRCan spent just $237,000 on advertising, according to the government figures.
Outside the committee room, Oliver justified the spending by linking it directly to winning over American public opinion in order to get approval of TransCanada's controversial Keystone XL pipeline. The $5.4-billion project to carry Alberta bitumen to the Gulf Coast has become a lightning rod for environmental activists as it awaits a decision from U.S. President Barack Obama.
"Let's understand what is at stake here," Oliver said. "When we're looking at Keystone, for example, we're talking about tens of thousands of jobs."
Asked to justify ad spending for one industrial sector that's swallowing up almost two thirds of last year's total government ad budget, Oliver was emphatic: "You justify it by what it's going to achieve and there are billions, tens of billions of dollars, in play."
Peter Julian, the NDP natural resources critic who teased out the ad spending at the committee, isn't buying the government rationale.
"I don't see how the Harper government can justify spending tens of millions of taxpayers' money to do something that the private sector could choose to do," Julian said after the hearing.
The New Democrat said the ads won't work because the Conservatives, through their policy choices, have "killed the possibility of social licence" — getting public buy-in, essentially — for major resource projects.
He said that by slashing environmental assessments and limiting "meaningful public consultation" on pipeline proposals, the government has sparked a public backlash.
The backlash, Julian asserted, is "worldwide. Canada has a black eye. There's no doubt."
He cited the Obama administration, which has openly urged Canada to up its environmental game, and the European Union, which is targeting higher emissions from oilsands production.
Rather than millions on ads, said Julian, "the way the Harper government can start to gain back the social licence is by starting to make better decisions on the environment, on the economy and on the whole process of approving these new projects."
To that end, the government is making an effort to establish a baseline of research on cutting edge oilsands technology.
Natural Resources has asked a panel of experts to help catalogue and chart a way forward for technologies that can help reduce the environmental footprint of oilsands development.
Oliver has asked the Council of Canadian Academies to turn its gaze on new and emerging technologies for extracting bitumen from Alberta's oilsands.
A 13-member panel will study what's currently working and has been asked to identify economic and regulatory hurdles that slow the spread of the most promising technologies.
"There's a lot of rhetoric, there's a lot of exaggeration," Oliver said of the study.
"People can come to different conclusions based on the facts, but let's start all together. We should all start with the facts."
The council was created in 2005 with a 10-year, $30-million government grant and is designed to provide peer-reviewed, science-based assessments to help inform public policy.
Canada is not on track to reach its international pledges for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2020, but the Conservative government has frequently held out hope that technological breakthroughs will alter that trajectory.
A spokeswoman for the academy, a not-for-profit corporation, says expert panels typically take between 18 and 24 months to report and do not make policy recommendations — but instead provide a base of solid evidence to use in the policy mix.
The panel is to be co-chaired by Eric Newell, the former CEO of Syncrude Canada, and by the head of the International Institute for Sustainable Development, Scott Vaughan.
Note to readers: This is a corrected story. A previous version incorrectly spelled the first name of IISD president Scott Vaughan.
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