1986: Canada implements trade sanctions against South Africa, curtailing a relationship valued at the time at $500 million.
Feb. 11, 1990: Mandela is released from prison after 27 years behind bars on Robben Island.
Feb. 12, 1990: Prime Minister Brian Mulroney sends Mandela a letter inviting him to visit Canada and offering him help to build a new, non-racial South African democracy.
June 17, 1990: Mandela arrives in Canada for his first visit to the country. Mulroney announces the establishment of a $5 million fund to help relocate South African exiles. Mandela addresses parliament in Ottawa.
Sept. 24, 1993: Mandela requests Canada lift economic sanctions against South Africa during a speech to the United Nations. Hours later, External Affairs Minister Perrin Beatty announces Ottawa would comply.
Sept. 24, 1998: At the start of Mandela's second visit to Canada, he is made an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada. Mandela was one of only a handful of people born outside of Canada to be inducted into the order.
Sept. 25, 1998: Mandela addresses a rally of more than 40,000 students at Toronto's Sky Dome with Prime Minister Jean Chretien and other dignitaries in attendance.
Nov. 17, 2001: Mandela begins a three-day visit to Canada by attending a ceremony to rename a Toronto public school after him. He and his wife Graca Machel later receive honorary degrees from Toronto's Ryerson University.
Nov. 19, 2001: Mandela becomes the first living person to be made an honorary citizen of Canada.