The show spotlights works created by Carr in the 1930s, most of them depicting scenes within 25 kilometres of her Victoria home.
Carr's forest paintings are the most important representation of B.C.'s landscape in the first half of the 20th century, the gallery said.
"The vigour and power of these works is without parallel in Canadian art," said exhibition curator Ian Thom.
The paintings in the show are almost all drawn from the Vancouver gallery's permanent collection. The gallery is home to the most significant collection of Carr's work in the world, comprising 254 paintings, drawings and other works.
"Emily Carr: Deep Forest" will run until March 9.