02/13/2014 12:57 EST | Updated 04/15/2014 05:59 EDT

Alberta Auditor General Report: No One At Wheel To Manage Public Sector Pensions

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EDMONTON - Alberta's auditor general says there is confusion at the highest levels of the public sector pensions, with the risk it could worsen the current $7.4 billion in red ink the plans are facing.

"(There are) many at the wheel without agreement on how far off course they are," Saher told reporters Thursday after the release of his report.

"Since the year 2000, there have been 10 different ministers of finance," he said. "They've not had the benefit of a well-functioning risk management system."

Saher couldn't say conclusively that the management confusion has contributed to the province's unfunded pension liabilities.

But he said that, in general, clarity reduces financial loss.

"Risk management is not some sort of panacea to make a $7.4-billion unfunded liability just magically disappear," he said. "(But) without good risk management, the chances of that unfunded liability increasing are greater than they need to be."

Finance Minister Doug Horner is preparing to introduce legislation as early as next month to overhaul public sector pensions.

Horner said Thursday that the changes include a new fund management structure that gives voice to both employers and employees.

In the meantime, he said, the advice he is getting on pension plans and risks is sound.

"We're in agreement with pretty much everything (Saher) said, but we're also in agreement that something has to change," said Horner.

The unions are strongly opposed to Horner's changes.

They say he is manufacturing a crisis, citing their own studies that suggest the unfunded liability is already on track to be eradicated. Horner has countered by saying the paydown is predicated on unrealistic investment returns.

Union leader Guy Smith of the Alberta Union of Provincial Employees, said in a news release they remain skeptical of Horner's intentions.

"We have been left in the dark about the implementation of the planned changes, and the effect it will have on the employees we represent,"said Smith.

"I hope the minister takes the opportunity to correct his course."

NDP Leader Brian Mason said Saher is missing the big picture, examining "minutiae" of the pension system while avoiding core issues, such as whether the current pension system is sustainable.

"It might be time to do a value for money audit of the auditor general's office," said Mason.

The changes being proposed by Horner would take effect on Jan. 1, 2016, but would not claw back benefits already promised to current pensioners.

Benefits earned up to 2015 wouldn't change but would be reduced marginally starting in 2016. No improvements to benefits would be allowed until 2021, at the earliest.

Alberta's public-sector pension, spread over four plans, has 200,000 active members and 120,000 retirees.

Also Thursday, Saher rapped the knuckles of some colleges for failing to manage their money and provide proper financial statements.

Saher said Olds College, Northern Lakes College and the Alberta College of Art and Design continue to struggle with money management.

He said Medicine Hat College and Portage College have made some improvements but also need to do more.

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