The Standard & Poor's/Case-Shiller 20-city home price index declined 0.1 per cent from November to December, matching the previous month's decline. The index is not adjusted for seasonal variations, so the dip partly reflects slower buying as winter weather set in.
For all of 2013, however, prices rose by a healthy 13.4 per cent, mostly because of big gains earlier in the year. That was the largest gain in eight years. Yet that increase may be putting some homes out of reach for many buyers.
The Case-Shiller index covers roughly half of U.S. homes. The index measures prices compared with those in January 2000 and creates a three-month moving average. The December figures are the latest available.
"Gains are slowing ... and the strongest part of the recovery in home values may be over," said David Blitzer, chairman of the S&P's index committee. "Higher home prices and mortgage rates are taking a toll on affordability."
Even some cities in warmer areas saw declines. Home prices in Phoenix fell 0.3 per cent, the first drop after 26 months of big increases.
Only six cities recorded higher prices in December: Dallas, Las Vegas, Miami, San Francisco, Tampa, Fla., and Washington, D.C. Home prices in all 20 cities rose compared with a year ago.
The housing market has weakened in recent months after a healthy recovery in 2013.
Sales of existing homes plunged in January to the slowest pace in 18 months. And builders broke ground on 16 per cent fewer homes in January compared with December, the Commerce Department said this week. That was the second straight decline.
Builders also requested fewer permits in January for the third straight month, suggesting construction remained weak this month.
The declines came after existing home sales reached 5.1 million in 2013, the best showing in seven years. And builders started work on 976,000 houses and apartments last year, the most in six years.