The establishment of the committee follows a recommendation from a September 2006 review into the death of Zachary Turner, who was drowned by his mother in a murder-suicide.
The review concluded the 13-month-old boy should not have been in her care at the time.
The report also called for the creation of a child death review committee that could help the province's chief medical examiner in recommending measures to prevent deaths in circumstances similar to those involved in Zachary Turner's case.
The committee will review the deaths of children that have been provided by the chief medical examiner.
It will be chaired by Ellen Oliver, who has 37 years of experience in the field of social work.