The International Gymnastics Federation says it banned one men's judge for 12 months and another for nine months.
FIG says two women's judges got nine-month bans and three were warned following the championships last October in Antwerp, Belgium.
The governing body says it found "erroneous judging, or judging that favoured a certain gymnast or country."
The officials were not identified, and can appeal to a tribunal.
In separate cases, one rhythmic gymnastics judge received a nine-month ban after the worlds last August in Kyiv, Ukraine. Seven were warned.
FIG President Bruno Grandi says the cases are exceptions, and some judges were sent commendation letters.