Local 183 of the Labourers' International Union of North America (LIUNA) represents 40,000 workers at most of the biggest home-building sites in the booming Toronto-area construction industry.
In March 2012, it signed a collective agreement with a temporary labour supply company with ties to Cosimo Commisso, convicted in the 1980s of conspiring to kill two rival mobsters. Three decades later, Commisso, 69, is still on police radar.
Commisso's name does not appear in any official corporate documents of the firm, Construction Labour Force Ltd., but CBC's the fifth estate and the Star have learned he is actively involved in the company's affairs.
Because of a history of mob infiltration in the United States, the international union vowed in the 1990s to purge itself of any Mafia links and has a code of ethics explicitly barring dealings with known organized crime figures.
In a 2004 court affidavit describing Commisso as "one of the heads of traditional organized crime in Toronto," the RCMP said it had "targeted Cosimo Commisso and his group for their involvement in murder, extortion, drug trafficking, gambling and fraud." No charges were ever laid against him in that investigation.
"I have a criminal record," Commisso said in a rare on-the-record interview with journalists from the fifth estate and the Toronto Star. "But what makes you think I'm organized crime? What is organized crime?"
When asked about his involvement with Construction Labour Force (CLF), Commisso initially said, "I have nothing to do with the company," but acknowledged he was helping his nephew, who manages the business. In the course of the interview, he said he attended "one or two meetings" for CLF with union representatives in 2012.
Following questions by the CBC and the Star, the Toronto local of LIUNA has asked the Ontario Provincial Police to investigate CLF. In a letter dated March 12, Local 183 lawyer John Evans wrote, "The allegation brought to our attention is that this corporation is controlled by organized crime," referring to the media inquiries. "Out of an abundance of caution we write to you to seek your assistance to investigate."
The OPP quickly responded, saying it passed the file on to the Toronto Police Service. The Toronto force said it received the LIUNA letter but would not comment further.
In 1981, Commisso was convicted of conspiring to kill two members of the Sicilian mob and an American woman, and was sentenced to eight years in prison. Three years later, he received further convictions for arson, counselling to commit murder conspiracy, extortion and aggravated assault, and got sentences of up to eight years.
"If you do wrong enough, you get caught," Commisso told the CBC and the Star. "I got caught."
Since the 1980s, he has never been accused or charged in a criminal case, but he continues to figure in police investigations into organized crime.
In 2004, an RCMP affidavit filed in court as part of an investigation into organized crime activity in the stock market said police had been "investigating Commisso and his associates" for "various criminal offences" since 2001, but no charges were ever laid.
In 2008, Commisso appeared as a "person of interest" in a list of about 50 people in Toronto who were under surveillance by the RCMP, in an organized crime probe called Project O'Peggio
In 2011, Commisso was mentioned in a Toronto police intelligence report based on surveillance of a wedding anniversary celebration described as a gathering of organized crime figures. In the report, he was referred to as an "executive member of the Commisso et al organized crime group."
Italian prosecutors have singled him out too, declaring in 2010 court documents that Commisso was a senior Canadian member of the Calabrian crime network.
None of the allegations since the 1980s has been tested in court, and Commisso has not been charged with any crime since then. He said it's all nonsense.
"I know what I'm doing, I know how I'm making my living," Commisso said. "Believe me, if I was doing those things, the RCMP would arrest me by now," he said, adding that he believes police tap his phone. "They are after me all the time."
CLF's only listed director and executive in provincial corporate records is a Toronto condo developer named Joe Ieradi, whose lawyer said Wednesday that any allegation of a relationship between the company and organized crime "is without merit."
Ieradi is a known business associate of Commisso's brother, Michael, who was himself convicted in the 1981 murder conspiracies and a planned arson but was pardoned and has no criminal record since then.
Michael Commisso is a "part-owner" of CLF, said his son, Giomino, who manages the company.
"It's a good company; it's completely legitimate," Giomino Commisso told CBC and the Star. "It's just unfortunate that the things that have happened in the past in my family keep being thrown back in our face."
The younger Commisso said that Cosimo Commisso's involvement is as an adviser. "He's my uncle, and if I need advice or if I need help in certain situations when his expertise will come in handy, then he will advise me," he said. "Dealing with employees, just everyday situations that occur on the job."
In its dealings with CLF, LIUNA identifies Cosimo Commisso as the contact for the company in two separate union documents.
Commisso said he had no idea why his name was on the documents.
Joseph Mancinelli, LIUNA's Hamilton-based head for Central and Eastern Canada, said an internal probe by a special investigator about five years ago "concluded that there was no evidence of organized crime in LIUNA Canada."
Asked about Commisso's involvement with Construction Labour Force, Mancinelli said he had "not had any dealings" with the company and does "not know the principals."
"LIUNA does not investigate who a company's principals are since our interests lie in representing the workers as members of LIUNA," Mancinelli wrote in a letter to the CBC and the Star.
He dismissed any allegation of wrongdoing by LIUNA.
The union's Code of Best Practices defines "barred conduct" as "knowingly associating with any member or associate of organized crime," though Mancinelli in his letter referred to an appendix to the code that allows a union member as part of his official union business to be "meeting or communicating" with an employer who may be a "barred person."
Wanting to be sure it is following those rules, Toronto's Local 183, the largest and most powerful local in LIUNA, has also written to the parent union's headquarters in Washington to ask for advice on whether the collective agreement with CLF puts it in violation of the union's ethical code.
Local 183 also suggests that the media questions about organized crime are motivated by the union's rivals and disgruntled former union members with "an axe to grind."
"We are optimistic that the media will soon appreciate they are being used as pawns for the political and economic gains of others," wrote the local's top executive, Jack Oliveira.
CLF has about 10 employees, according to Giomino Commisso, and serves as a labour supply company for builders needing a quick and easy way to hire unionized workers.
One of its recent clients was CountryWide Homes, a major player in the Toronto-area new-homes market. Sam Balsamo, a senior executive with the company, told CBC, "We made sure before we dealt with them that they were LIUNA sanctioned."
LIUNA Local 183 has filed numerous grievances against CLF alleging the use of non-union workers and failure to pay proper wages, overtime, benefits and pension dues. The union says the grievances are still under arbitration.
Giomino Commisso told CBC and the Star he felt he and his family are being unfairly targeted by the media.
"We're just trying to make a living," he said. "We've moved on from the mistakes that my family has made."
In an email Tuesday, he said that as a result of the questions raised by CBC and the Star, he has been "stripped" of his responsibility in CLF and the company has lost its contracts on construction sites.
Cosimo Commisso said in an email this week that he was only trying to help his nephew. "Instead… I have caused my nephew harm."
If you have more information related to this story, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.