The plane, a Challenger 601 jet, was unveiled today in Quebec by Health Minister Gaétan Barette.
The jet holds specialized medical equipment, including three stretchers and a special incubator, and can accommodate several patients at once. The plane and custom equipment cost $19.5 million.
The government said it will be used for medical transport only, including moving patients whose needs can't be met in their current health care facilities.
The aircraft replaces the province's old flying hospital, which has been in service since the '80s. The province also owns a Dash-8 and another Challenger jet which is used both for medical purposes and to transport the premier.
Check out the video above for a tour inside the new flying hospital with CBC's Marika Wheeler.