It happened Thursday at about 11 a.m. in Montreal's Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district.
Montreal Police spokesman Francois Collard said the boy's mother and her friend were at home at the time, and pulled him out of the pool.
“He was left unattended for approximately five minutes. The time of submersion is unknown,” Collard said.
Once police arrived at the scene, an officer performed CPR on the boy before he was rushed off to hospital.
He arrived there, breathing on his own, but was admitted in critical condition.
Neighbours are hoping for the boy will recover.
“I am in shock, especially because it’s a child — a baby,” said Mohamed Yazid Mokeddem.
Coroner calls for tighter rules
The near drowning comes just as Quebec's coroner's office issued recommendations for tighter provincial rules for residential pools.
Current safety requirements for residential pools built after 2010 include the following:
- An enclosure that shuts and locks automatically
- A ladder or stairs for in-ground and semi-in-ground pools
Coroner Andrée Kronstrom, who co-authored a new report on drownings, is recommending the province makes the rules retroactive so that they apply to pools built before 2010 as well.
"Many pools were built before 2010 and they will still be there for many, many years," said Kronstrom.