The Liberals promised in 2008 to lift 90,000 children out of poverty within the next five years by providing increased benefits for low-income families and improved public education programs.
Deputy premier Deb Matthews, who is also the minister responsible for the poverty reduction strategy, said Ontario did its part.
"We knew that one level of government could not achieve that ambitious goal all by itself so we laid out a very clear plan on how to meet that target," she said.
"We did everything we said we would do when we released that strategy in 2008 and had the other elements of the strategy, particularly the responsibilities we believe lie with the federal government, had the federal government done its part we would have come very close, if not had achieved, our goal of a 25-per-cent reduction in child poverty."
In 2008, Ontario had asked the federal government to increase both the amount of the Working Income Tax Benefit and the National Child Benefit Supplement.
In its new plan, the government said it will continue to call on Ottawa to make those changes, as well as urging the federal government to "return to the table as a long-term housing funding partner" and highlighting the need for a national child care program.
Matthews said the economic downturn also hampered efforts to meet the poverty reduction target.
Though the target was not met, Ontario made "extraordinary progress," Matthews said, pointing to an increase in the minimum wage and the Ontario Child Benefit, as well as breakfast programs and health services for children and youth in low-income families.
The original strategy helped reduce child poverty from 15.2 per cent in 2008 to 13.6 per cent in 2011, lifting 47,000 children out of poverty, the government said.
The NDP's Cheri DiNovo suggested poverty rates have actually increased.
"Poverty is at appalling rates," she said. DiNovo cited numbers from the Ontario Association of Food Banks that at least 375,000 — including 130,000 children — people rely on food banks each month, an increase of 18 per cent since 2007.
"I was homeless and slept in Queen's Park when I was a kid," she said. "You don't need an inquiry to look at the roots of homelessness, you need to do something about it and they've missed many key opportunities."
The government is now pledging to meet the target anew, but this time it is not setting a deadline, Matthews said.
"I for one will not lose my ambition because we have not achieved that ambitious target," she said.
In fact, Ontario is setting an even loftier goal alongside child poverty reduction — ending homelessness "in time," said Matthews.
"When it comes to ending homelessness, we can do it," she said.
The government is investing $42 million in a community homelessness prevention initiative, creating 1,000 new supportive housing spaces to help people with mental illness and addictions, and is committing $50 million over five years to local poverty reduction, it said in a news release.
A spokesman with the 25 in 5 Network for Poverty Reduction, a group of agencies that advocates for poverty reduction, said it's a good "big picture" plan, but to succeed, particularly with a goal of ending homelessness, the government needs to set mid-term targets and timelines for itself.
"It's a strategy that's going to have a strategy on ending homelessness beyond child and family poverty and really, if they put all the pieces together to make a significant dent in homelessness, it will help continue to reduce poverty among children and families," said Greg deGroot-Maggetti.
The Progressive Conservatives' critic for the poverty reduction strategy called the Liberal government's pledges "hollow words."
"It's just the same old story, the Liberals making promises they can't keep," Jim McDonell wrote in a statement. "We've had some roundtable sessions with a number of agencies and they haven't seen increases in more than five years. When you listen to this government there's more and more spending being announced, but where is it going? Obviously it's not getting to the front lines where people actually need the help."