Taylor takes over from Dr. David Butler-Jones, who became a familiar public health spokesman during Canada’s SARS outbreak in 2003.
The role of the chief public health officer includes delivering public health information to Canadians, such as advice about the Ebola epidemic in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.
Butler-Jones, a top HIV researcher, stepped down in March. He suffered a stroke in 2012.
Taylor become the country’s deputy chief public health officer in 2012.
He obtained his medical degree from Dalhousie University in Halifax and completed a residency in family medicine, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Canada announced an offer of 8,000 to 10,000 doses of an Ebola vaccine developed at the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg six weeks ago. But there are still questions about where to send it and how to keep the vaccine cold during delivery, Taylor said in an interview with CBC News.
Taylor’s been involved in a range of federal chronic disease activities, the agency said.