Billboard says Streisand's latest release, "Partners," debuted on top of its 200 Albums chart, making her the only recording artist to issue No. 1 albums in six consecutive decades.
The album sold 196,000 units in its first week of release. "Partners" is a collection of duets featuring such talents as Lionel Richie, Stevie Wonder, Michael Buble and John Mayer.
Streisand thanked her fans in a statement Wednesday, saying she appreciates their energy and support.
The 72-year-old entertainer's first No. 1 album came out almost 50 years ago: "People" topped the charts in October of 1964. Her other top albums include "The Way We Were," ''A Star is Born," ''The Broadway Album," and "Love is the Answer."