The Internet startup — which is backed by Barry Diller — made waves earlier this year by letting people record and stream broadcast TV online. At the time, it was seen as an alternative to cable, offering a few dozen local broadcast channels and the Bloomberg TV financial channel on multiple devices for just $8 a month.
Hulu offers full episodes of popular shows from broadcast networks ABC, NBC and Fox the next day for free. But Aereo offered live streaming of those TV channels.
In June, the Supreme Court ruled that Aereo operates like a cable TV company. As a result, the court said the service violates copyright law unless Aereo pays broadcasters licensing fees for offering TV station programs to customers' tablets, phones and other gadgets.
Three days after the court ruling, Aereo announced that it was temporarily closing down its operation.
CEO Chet Kanojia said in a statement Friday on the company's website that the Supreme Court decision "effectively changed the laws that had governed Aereo's technology, creating regulatory and legal uncertainty."
Kanojia said that the Chapter 11 filing will allow Aereo Inc. to maximize the value of its business while avoiding the cost and distraction of litigation.
Aereo also named Lawton Bloom as its chief restructuring officer.