12/02/2014 05:34 EST | Updated 02/01/2015 05:59 EST

Medical group warns response to Ebola too slow, as World Bank lowers growth forecasts

MONROVIA, Liberia - The international response to Ebola is still too slow and piecemeal, Doctors Without Borders warned Tuesday, as officials said the disease is crippling crippled the economies of the three West African countries hardest hit.

Ebola has infected nearly 17,000 people, of which about 6,000 have died, according to the World Health Organization. The vast majority of infections are in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, poor countries that have been left to handle the crisis without sufficient help, said the medical aid group.

"Foreign governments have focused primarily on financing or building Ebola case management structures, leaving staffing them up to national authorities, local health care staff and NGOs (non-government organizations) which do not have the expertise required to do so," said the group, which is a primary provider of treatment in the outbreak, said in a statement Tuesday.

It reiterated its call for countries with biological-disaster response teams to deploy them.

In addition to killing to thousands, the Ebola outbreak, which was identified in March in Guinea, has shut hospitals, schools and markets, hampered cross-border trade and resulted in the suspension of many of the airline flights.

In response, the World Bank lowered again on Tuesday its growth projections for the hardest-hit countries. It had already cut them in October.

Guinea's economy will grow just 0.5 per cent this year, down from an expected 4.5 per cent before the crisis began, said the bank in its latest assessment of Ebola's impact. Sierra Leone is expected to register 4 per cent economic growth, down from a pre-crisis expectation of 11.3 per cent, while Liberia will see 2.2 per cent growth, down from 5.9 per cent. The economic effects are expected to worsen in Guinea and Sierra Leone next year, when both economies will shrink, according to the latest estimate.

Kim is visiting Liberia on Monday and is set to travel to Sierra Leone and Guinea. The World Bank has pledged nearly $1 billion for the three countries, about half of which has been disbursed for the emergency response.


DiLorenzo reported from Dakar, Senegal.