Takata's president Stefan Stocker is moving aside to let its chairman, Shigehisa Takada, take over, the company said in a statement.
Stocker is remaining on Takata's board and the move is not intended to be a demotion, said company spokeswoman Akiko Watanabe.
The reorganization is meant "to centralize and speed up the decision-making process, and to step up handling" of the problem, she said.
The defective airbags can explode with too much force, spewing shrapnel at drivers and passengers. At least 10 automakers have models with Takata driver and passenger airbags, and tens of millions of vehicles may eventually be recalled.
Takata offered an apology to those killed or injured by its faulty airbags, saying it "takes seriously" the trouble it caused to many customers and their family members.
Takada, Stocker and three other top executives of the company will take pay cuts ranging from 20 per cent to 50 per cent, for four months. The pay cuts are in response to the company's huge losses and cancellation of dividend payments, Takata said.