The Blainville, Que., native scored a 74.82 in her third-career World Cup appearance. Aliaksandra Ramanouskaya of Belarus finished first with an 80.62 while Russia's Veronika Korsunova was second with a score of 78.88.
"I really have no words for what I'm feeling," said Corbo. "It's an unbelievable surprise. It's an experience and a day I will remember for the rest of my life. It's my first year on the World Cup tour and the weather made things difficult. I just felt good today.
"This is a great way to start the Olympic cycle for me. It's really encouraging."
It was the first top-three finish by a Canadian woman since 2008 when Veronika Bauer captured bronze at the World Cup in China.
Montreal's Olivier Rochon made the finals on the men's side and finished sixth overall with a score of 80.54. Rochon has missed nearly two years due to injury.
Sabrina Guerin of Laval, Que., and Travis Gerrits of Milton, Ont., also competed and finished 14th and 16th overall respectively.