02/04/2015 04:03 EST | Updated 04/06/2015 05:59 EDT

5 Things To Know About The End Of Parliament Hill's Security Tradition

OTTAWA - A plan for the RCMP to assume control over the oversight of security inside the Parliament buildings ends a tradition of an independent protection force on Parliament Hill that goes back almost to Confederation.

Here are five things to know about that force.

dominion police force

Composite of Dominion Police Force members. Photo: Library and Archives Canada

1. The need for security on the Hill was a precursor to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The Dominion Police force was created in 1868, specifically to protect national buildings like Parliament. But in 1920, the force merged with the Royal Northwest Mounted Police to form today's Mounties.

parliament hill

An RCMP police car is parked in front of the Parliament of Canada in Ottawa, November 18, 2014. Photo: The Canadian Press/Francis Vachon

2. But MPs didn't want the Mounties inside the Parliament buildings. Parliamentarians were wary of having the newly formed RCMP providing security inside Parliament, partly because they were concerned about encroachment on their rights. So a small unit of the Dominion Police force was hived off — three men to protect the House of Commons and three to protect the Senate — and it grew to a team of about 300 people.

parliament hill

File image of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. Photo: The Canadian Press

3. They once rejected a merger with the RCMP. During the Second World War, so many security personnel enlisted in the military that there were concerns there weren't enough left to guard Parliament. A plan was drafted to get the RCMP to take over, but it was never signed.

ottawa memorial chapel

Constable Michel Raizenne conducts the ' Turning of the Page Ceremony ' in the Memorial Chamber in the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill on Nov. 9, 2010. Photo: The Canadian Press/Sean Kilpatrick

4. They don't just provide protection. Though their main job is to keep the Parliament buildings safe, the force is also responsible for the daily turning of the pages of the books of remembrance in the Memorial Chapel and for many years also gave public tours of the Parliament buildings.

kevin vickers

Former sargeant-at-arms of the House of Commons Kevin Vickers walks past the library where Michael Zehaf Bibeau was gunned down on Oct. 23, 2014 in Ottawa. Photo: The Canadian Press/Sean Kilpatrick

5. They haven't always had guns. Former sergeant-at-arms Kevin Vickers drew worldwide acclaim for shooting and killing the gunman who stormed Parliament Hill on the morning of Oct. 22. But House of Commons guards weren't armed until 1984 and it wasn't until this year that they all began carrying weapons.


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