A 17-year-old male youth was shot to death after a police chase on Jan. 22. Police were responding to a report of a stolen car at the time.
The Sûreté du Québec officer, Eric Deslauriers, is facing charges of manslaughter and discharging a weapon inappropriately.
He was released until his next court appearance March 10.
Montreal police handled the investigation, as per the province's protocol, since the fatal shooting involved an officer from the Sûreté du Québec.