The affected product is Lilydale Inc. brand Oven Roasted Carved Chicken Breast in 400-gram packages with a best-before date of April 28, 2015.
The CFIA says the product was distributed in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario.
The federal agency says there have been no reported illnesses linked to eating this product.
Food contaminated with Listeria can produce symptoms that include vomiting, nausea, persistent fever, muscle aches, severe headache and neck stiffness.
Pregnant women, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems are particularly at risk.