The University of Wisconsin-Madison's School of Veterinary Medicine says the virus has sickened at least 1,000 dogs in Illinois, Wisconsin, Ohio and Indiana. Recent tests from the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory have identified the strain as H3N2. Clinical assistant professor Keith Poulsen says it's not yet known how effective current vaccines are against this strain, which is believed to have come from Asia.
He said an older strain, H3N8, has also been detected in the region.
Both viruses can cause persistent cough, runny nose and fever in dogs. Experts say a small percentage will develop more severe symptoms. The H3N2 infection has been associated with some deaths.
Poulsen said pet owners with sick dogs should call a veterinarian to schedule a test outside the veterinary clinic and should not bring dogs into areas where they could interact with other dogs.
"It's really no different if you're talking about dogs or toddlers, if you think they're sick, don't bring them to day care," Poulsen said.
Veterinarians say neither canine strain is related to bird flu or is contagious to humans, but the H3N2 strain could sicken cats.
Renee Brantner Shanesy, who owns the Ruffin' It Resort in Madison, said the kennel required immunizations against H3N8 for all dogs boarded there late last week. Shanesy said she's now recommending, not requiring, the vaccination after veterinarians said it won't protect against H3N2.
"The philosophy we're taking is, just like the human flu, everyone has to take the precaution for himself," she said.
Shanesy said she hasn't seen panic among dog owners, but the kennel is increasing its sanitizing practices. She said she had her two dogs vaccinated and she has cut out trips to the dog park to reduce the risk of exposure.
"Like any other pet owner right now, I'm not 100 per cent comfortable," Shanesy said. "Anything I can do to give them a better chance of immunity, I'm in."
Sarah Duchemin, who works at The Dog Den in Madison, said the kennel has been monitoring its dogs for symptoms, and that if a dog shows up with a runny nose or is sneezing, the animal would be isolated and sent home. She said the kennel hasn't had a dog show any flu symptoms yet, but it cleans its floors and cages every day to prevent the spread of disease.
Luanne Moede, owner of the First Class Pet Lodge in Wausau, told the Wausau Daily Herald that clients are being asked if dogs have travelled out of state. Moede also said she's informing pet owners about the disease.
In Illinois, vets say the cases are slowing but are still coming in. Chicago resident Jennifer Roche's mixed-breed dog, Roxy-Rocket, is recovering after coming down with canine flu while boarded at Tucker Pup's Dog Activity Center last week while the family was away during spring break. Roche knew she was taking a risk by boarding the family pet during the outbreak, but she feels the facility handled it well when the dog began to cough.
"They got her to the vet right away and she was on antibiotics right away," Roche said. "It feels a lot like when my kids get the flu. ... I'm going to be watching her very closely when the antibiotics run out."
AP writer Carla K. Johnson in Chicago contributed to this report.
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