"I think we can all agree that we don't want young people to start using tobacco," said health minister Sarah Hoffman, who announced the ban Sunday.
Menthol was specifically excluded from a ban on flavoured-tobacco products that is set to take effect in the province tomorrow. When the previous Progressive Conservative government announced the ban, they said elimanating menthol products would unfairly impact seniors and older smokers who use them in greater numbers.
At the time, the NDP criticized the exclusion. Now that the party is in power, it was able to include it in the ban, Hoffman said.
"I'm really proud of our government and the fact that we're taking steps to correct decisions that we don't think were in the best interests of Albertans."
Hoffman said research showed that while only four per cent of adult smokers used menthol products, while more than one third of teenage smokers in the province do.
Retailers will be allowed to sell menthol-flavoured products for the next four months to allow them to clear out their stock before the ban takes effect September 30.
Other flavoured products banned tomorrow
The menthol ban follows on the heels of a ban on other types of flavoured tobacco, set to take effect June 1. Retailers in Alberta will no longer be allowed to sell non-menthol, flavoured tobacco products — with the exception of pipe tobacco and cigars above a certain weight and price.
The June legislation also sets minimum package sizes for some tobacco products in an effort to stop youth from buying individual cigarettes at a cheaper price.
"This is a huge victory," said Les Hagen, executive director of Action on Smoking and Health, an anti-smoking advocacy group based in western Canada.
"This has a ripple effect globally and it certainly established this province, and this government, as a world leader in tobacco control."
While he said he was happy with the menthol ban, Hagen said more still had to be done.
He urged the government, both federally and provincially, to introduce more regulation for e-cigarettes and tobacco packaging.
Hoffman said while her ministry is looking in to other issues surrounding smoking, she didn't detail any specific plans for further legislation.
Tobacco company challenges Nova Scotia ban
The announcement comes the same day that Nova Scotia's ban on flavoured-tobacco takes effect. Earlier this week, Imperial Tobacco Canada announced that they would launch a legal challenge against the Nova Scotia ban and argued that the province had overstepped its authority.
Hoffman said she wasn't worried that Alberta's legislation would also trigger a challenge. Meanwhile, Hagan dismissed the idea that the courts would overturn a provincial ban on flavoured tobacco.
"Oh, I think it's a farce," she said.
"They're trying to slow down the progress...if the tobacco industry isn't reacting, then we aren't doing our job."
Imperial Tobacco Canada officials have told CBC News they are looking over the Alberta legislation and may comment on the matter on Monday.