Born: Aug. 9, 1930, in Montreal.
Education: Included studies at the Universite de Montreal's business school and at the London School of Economics.
Political career: Defeated in the 1970 and 1973 elections; elected in 1976 and 1981; finance minister, 1976-84; resigned in 1984; elected PQ leader, 1988; becomes premier, 1994; holds sovereignty referendum, October 1995; announces his intention to step down, October 1995; resigns, January 1996.
Quote: "Money and the ethnic vote." The reason Parizeau gave for the sovereigntist Yes side's narrow defeat in the Quebec referendum on Oct. 30, 1995.