In the hands of an expert, even the most jarring colour combinations look wonderful. A case in point are complementary colour schemes. Essentially, these include two hues that sit directly opposite each other on the colour wheel. The most common couplings consist of one primary colour (red, yellow or blue) and one secondary colour (green, purple or orange), although there are tertiary pairings that are considered complementary too. Inspired by the schemes below, you too can create a bold new look at home.
Blue and Orange
Strike a balance. Steely blue and punchy orange are the most dynamic and, some might say, contemporary of the complementary colour couples. When used in equal parts, as seen in this bedroom, the effect of the two together can be relatively soothing, since neither colour dominates.
A safer method of successfully combining complementary colours is to use subdued variations of the pure hues. For instance, if there appears to be a bit of a clash when attempting this at home, choose a primary that’s lighter (pale blue), darker (Prussian blue) or duskier (denim blue). They’re all still blue, but each is a derivation of the primary colour, achieved by adding a neutral — i.e., white, black or gray — to a paint, dye or stain. Adding white creates a tint (such as pale blue), adding black creates a shade (such as Prussian blue) and adding gray will produce a tone (such as denim blue).
Lean on local colour. Add a little black to a colour and you’ll get a shade. However, it’s far from dull when framing an eye-popping orange — a shady blue can intensify a citrus-coloured feature wall and the effect is striking. Colours readily found in the local environment, such as the tones and shades of the sea (blue green) and sand (yellow orange), are ideally suited to homes near bodies of water and beaches.
Add or subtract. Decorating a room with complementary colours can be quite daunting and, yes, can go badly wrong. However, there’s a way to play it safe until you get more confident in finding the right balance. Introduce one orange and one blue piece of furniture into a monochromatic scheme. The furniture can easily be moved around to see what works, or you can take one of the pieces out if there’s a clash, though this is unlikely if you’re toning down their loudness with a neutral palette. Here, for example, you can see how a mushroom wallpaper and cream carpet keep the vibrancy of the peacock blue sofa and persimmon orange ottoman in check.
Purple and Yellow
Go for softness. These two opposites are the odd couple of complementary colours, since neither is particularly easy to use on its own, let alone in partnership with others. Yet when purple and yellow come together, they make such beautiful music. Take this sweet bedroom setting. The purple wall could steer the atmosphere into melancholy if not for the sunny yellow linens on the dark four-poster bed.
Dare to be cutting-edge. Complementary colours can be cutting-edge design features, since not many people know how to pair them successfully. In this award-winning New York City loft dining room, purple and yellow make a statement by way of designer chairs and a large abstract painting.
Colour-block for boldness. Complementary colours can be particularly dynamic together when offered in equal parts, since they play up each other’s intensity. Having a large purple cabinet unit surrounded by canary yellow walls, for example, can create just the right amount of vibrancy and energy from both colours.
Red and Green
Call in a neutral. Using colour effectively can be one of the most powerful tools in interior design, particularly if the designer is confident enough to use opposites in a room. To be effective, however, there must be balance, and this is commonly achieved by using a neutral colour to moderate any potency. Here, the intensity of the red and green is broken up by lots of white in both the striped wallpaper and the bed linens.
Play with variations. It’s hard to think of red and green together without thinking of Christmas, but they can indeed work in a modern palette. This is particularly true when the two are presented as tints, tones and shades of the unadulterated forms. In this bedroom, a lovely jewel box look has been achieved because the green has been offered as mint, olive and moss, and its opposite, red, shows up as cherry, rouge and coral. The addition of a neutral in the form of the white headboard, bedspread and lampshade help break up the concentration of so much red and green.
Use the landscape. The saturation of colour looks particularly appealing outdoors: A red barn-shaped house on a verdant green lawn creates an extraordinary contrast of colour and shape against the intense blue of the sky.
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