OTTAWA — Canadian military trainers will likely face "engagements" with enemy Islamic militants in Iraq, but that doesn't mean they're in a combat mission, the chief of the defence staff said Monday as the Liberal government finally deployed its long-awaited alternative to bombing sorties in the Middle East.
In offering his view of Canada's expanded training mission, Gen. Jonathan Vance went to some lengths to avoid contradicting his boss, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who has insisted trainers would not be involved in combat.
Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan, far left, International Development Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Foreign Affairs Minister Stephane Dion announce Canada's anti-ISIS plan at an Ottawa news conference on Feb. 8. (Photo: Sean Kilpatrick/CP)
"The prime minister has clearly described it as non-combat" and there's a "penchant ... for people to try and parse the words," Vance said Monday during a technical briefing that followed Trudeau's announcement.
"In my view, it's a non-combat mission in that we are not the principal combatants here."
Canada's fighter jets will end their bombing mission in Iraq and Syria within two weeks, to be replaced by what Trudeau called an expanded mission focused on training local security forces and helping to rebuild the shattered region.
Canadian bombs will stop falling by Feb. 22, while the complement of military personnel in the region will increase to 830 people — up from the current 650 — to provide planning, targeting and intelligence expertise.
The size of Canada's "train, advise and assist" mission will also triple, including additional medical personnel and equipment including small arms, ammunition and optics to assist in training Iraqi security forces, mostly in the Kurdish north.
"I want Canadians to know that we will be involved in engagements as we defend ourselves or those partners who we are working with," said Vance.
"As I said many times throughout the campaign in my commitment to Canadians, this is a non-combat mission."
That's because the "assist function helps them plan, helps them determine how best to accomplish the missions" and by doing that, they "may very well need support in defending them — and in so doing, defending ourselves."
Earlier, Trudeau was asked whether Canadian trainers would be embedded with Iraqi forces and be authorized to fight.
"This is an advise and assist and equip mission that our trainers will be engaged in," Trudeau replied. "As I said many times throughout the campaign in my commitment to Canadians, this is a non-combat mission."
Canada learned the hard way during 10 years in Afghanistan that airstrike operations, while useful in the short term for "military and territorial gains," do not on their own result in long-term stability, said Trudeau.
They can also be politically expedient, he suggested — a subtle jab at his Conservative predecessors who sent the jets into Iraq and Syria in the first place.
"We are for what will be effective," Trudeau said, "not for what will make us feel good to say at any given moment."
Canada gained a lot of valuable experience training local Afghan police and military forces during a decade spent fighting in that country, he added — experience that the Canadian Armed Forces should be bringing to bear in Iraq and Syria.
The reconfigured mission will also include a team of strategic advisers to help Iraq's defence and interior ministries. Canada's CC-150 Polaris refueller and two CP-140 Aurora surveillance planes will remain part of the operation.
Trudeau made the long-awaited announcement alongside Foreign Affairs Minister Stephane Dion, Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan and International Development Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau.
The time frame of Operation Impact — Canada's contribution to the U.S.-led coalition mission against the group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant — is also being extended until the end of March 2017.
Trudeau said Monday the government would spend more than $1.6 billion over the next three years on the mission as a whole, including on security, stabilization, humanitarian and development assistance in the region. That includes $840 million to provide water, shelter health care, hygiene and sanitation, and $270 million to build capacity in those countries helping refugees from the region.
Canada has already committed $650 million in humanitarian aid for people affected by the Syrian civil war and $233 million for longer-term development. It wasn't immediately clear whether those figures were part of the larger $1.6-billion total.
Trudeau's announcement comes before Sajjan travels to Brussels for a two-day meeting with his NATO counterparts that begins Wednesday.
The U.S. has publicly said it respects Canada's decision to pull its fighter jets out of the air campaign. But the Americans chose not to invite Sajjan to two impromptu coalition meetings in Paris, which the newly minted defence minister shrugged off.
On Monday, U.S. State Department spokesman John Kirby said Canada's "additional significant contributions" were a welcome addition to the anti-ISIL coalition.
"Canada remains an essential partner in the counter-ISIL mission," said Kirby. "The United States, Canada, and the rest of our partners remain unwavering in our commitment to destroy ISIL."
The opposition Conservatives criticized Trudeau for ending the combat portion of the mission.
"If he doesn't think that we should use our military against this group, I don't know when he thinks we would ever use our military," interim Conservative leader Rona Ambrose told a news conference Monday in Moncton.
"I think it's shameful."
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