MANCHESTER, England — Louis van Gaal was fired by Manchester United on Monday after months of uncertainty around his position as the team struggled despite more than $350 million spent on new players during his two years in charge.
United is now set to make Jose Mourinho its third manager in the three years since Alex Ferguson's trophy-laden 26-year dynasty ended.
Delivering United's first trophy — an FA Cup victory Saturday — since Ferguson retired in 2013 was not enough to save Van Gaal. The 64-year-old paid the price for failing to qualify England's biggest club for next season's Champions League, with United finishing fifth in the Premier League.
"I am very disappointed to be unable to complete our intended three-year plan," Van Gaal said. "I believe that the foundations are firmly in place to enable the club to move forward and achieve even greater success.
"I hope that winning the FA Cup will give the club a platform to build upon next season to restore the success that this passionate set of fans desire."
Van Gaal had a year left on his contract and he could now be heading into retirement. Van Gaal has also coached Ajax, Barcelona, Bayern Munich and the Netherlands in a stellar coaching career.
"Having managed in Holland, Spain and Germany, I had always hoped for the opportunity to manage in English football and be part of English culture," Van Gaal said. "Both of these experiences have lived up to expectations and been fantastic."
United executive vice chairman Ed Woodward praised Van Gaal for behaving with "great professionalism and dignity" in the two years since he replaced David Moyes, Ferguson's immediate successor.
"(Van Gaal) leaves us with a legacy of having given several young players the confidence to show their ability on the highest stage," Woodward said.
But Van Gaal's turbulent tenure has been marred by accusations from critics that he betrayed United's heritage by playing a defensive, risk-averse style. However, he has been praised by many for continuing the club's long-held policy of giving young players a chance, including Jesse Lingard — the scorer of the winning goal in the FA Cup final.
Mourinho has been heavily linked with the United job for months and told The Associated Press last week that he would sign a contract with a new team by the end of next month. The Portuguese coach is a serial winner, guiding Chelsea to three Premier League titles in his two spells, but his footballing philosophy and confrontational style has long been regarded as at odds with United traditions.
United has won a record 20 league titles and been European champion three times, but the club has lost its way since Ferguson retired, with Moyes lasting only 10 months.
Van Gaal arrived with his reputation on a high after leading the Dutch to a third-place finish at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. He spoke of implementing his "philosophy" at Old Trafford, which ended up translating as long periods of possession and a pressing game without the ball. He achieved his first aim of qualifying United for the Champions League at the end of his first season, after the club had spent a year out of Europe's top competition.
United even led the Premier League in the early part of this season, but the squad always looked unbalanced — short of strikers and real speed in midfield — and there were reports of senior players being unhappy with Van Gaal's restrictive style of play. United drew 0-0 in five out of nine games in a spell between late October and early December and a soundtrack of "Attack, attack, attack" was the backdrop of many games at Old Trafford as supporters became disgruntled.
Van Gaal's position started to look perilous after United was eliminated from the Champions League in December, and the team winless in eight games between Nov. 25 and Jan. 2. Van Gaal raised the prospect of quitting during that sticky patch.
He lasted to the end of the season, with speculation about Mourinho — his former assistant at Barcelona — never far away. Guiding United to its first major trophy in 12 years couldn't cover for failing to achieve the target of a top-four finish.
Mourinho's arrival would throw into doubt Ryan Giggs' position at United. The club great has been assistant manager under Van Gaal and was long regarded as the man likely to take over from the Dutchman.
Instead, United appears to have gone for the experience and reputation of Mourinho, which adds spice to the Premier League with Pep Guardiola to start a three-year contract at Manchester City from next season.
The Guardiola-Mourinho rivalry began in Spain, when they were coaches of Barcelona and Madrid, respectively, from 2010-12, and will continue in Manchester.
Harris reported from London.