09/12/2016 07:19 EDT | Updated 09/12/2016 07:20 EDT

TPP Will Lose Canada More If It Opts Out Than It'll Gain If It Joins: Government Study

The economy could gain $4 billion by joining.

OTTAWA — A new federal government study projects that Canada would generate more than $4 billion in long-term GDP gains if it joins the Trans-Pacific Partnership — but stands to take a $5 billion-plus hit to its economy if it opts out.

The analysis, conducted by the Office of the Chief Economist at Global Affairs Canada, assesses the potential economic impact of the TPP on Canada and other countries that tentatively signed on to the trade deal last October.

Trade Minister Chrystia Freeland. (Photo: Michael Bradley/Getty Images)

It says if Canada were to ratify the TPP, it would see a $4.3 billion boost to its GDP by 2040, due primarily to the preferential access it would receive to markets in the Asia-Pacific rim.

But the study says if Canada doesn't ratify it while the other 11 member countries do, the country would face estimated GDP losses of $5.3 billion over the same time period.

The report says that's in part because of missed opportunities to enhance trade and an erosion of Canada's preferential market position within NAFTA.

The Port of Vancouver. (Photo: Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images)

The TPP is the most significant regional trade agreement that Canada has negotiated since NAFTA, which concluded nearly two decades ago.

The 12 countries in the TPP would form one of the largest trade areas in the world, accounting for nearly 40 per cent of global GDP.

But the deal has stirred criticism from some who say it favours foreign competitors over domestic companies in certain industries and would deal a blow to the auto and dairy farming sectors, among others.

U.S. presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. (Photo: Jim Urquhart/Reuters)

The deal, however, may never see the light of day because both U.S. presidential candidates have said they oppose it.

Meanwhile, the Liberals have declined to say where they stand on TPP, even though Ottawa has committed to studying it.

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