MONTREAL — A Quebec judge temporarily suspended Montreal's controversial regulation banning new pit bulls Monday and questioned whether the city overstepped its bounds in enacting the bylaw.
Superior Court Justice Louis Gouin heard arguments for a temporary stay and then authorized the immediate suspension of the pit bull-related clauses until 5 p.m. on Wednesday.
He is expected to rule before then whether the law should remain suspended until the legal case being mounted by the Montreal SPCA against it can be heard on its merits — a process that could be months away.
The SPCA was seeking the suspension of several pit bull-related parts of the animal control bylaw, which came into effect Monday.
Bless, an American Pit bull Terrier walks with its owner in Montreal, Sept. 25. (Photo: Graham Hughes/The Canadian Press)
The suspension means pit bulls can still be adopted and muzzling is not mandatory as had been planned.
The Montreal branch of the animal rights organization argued some of the bylaw's provisions are discriminatory, unreasonable and unenforceable and will result in all pit bulls being penalized regardless of their behaviour.
City council voted last week in favour of the legislation, which included measures to prohibit new pit bulls on the territory of Montreal and place restrictions on those already there.
Provincial laws regarding municipalities say cities are allowed to legislate against errant or dangerous animals, but Gouin said Montreal may have overstepped the mark by placing an entire breed in a category described as dangerous.
"It's sad, but it's a legislative choice."
Rene Cadieux, a lawyer for the city, said Montreal legislators believe reasons of public security give them the right to determine what is dangerous. They elected to create a category rather than go case by case.
"It's sad, but it's a legislative choice," Cadieux said.
Gouin appeared dissatisfied with the arguments and invited the City of Montreal to revisit the bylaw and to narrow its focus.
"By using an elastic definition, there will be many more dogs who will be put into this category who will be muzzled and ... develop dangerous characteristics," Gouin said. "It might be worth it to reflect on this, go back to the drawing board."
'Pit-bull type dog'
A major issue is how to identify a "pit bull-type dog" as stated in the bylaw.
Gouin said he has certain concerns about that definition and how to properly recognize dogs it aims to describe.
"The City of Montreal is giving different responses to each person," SPCA lawyer Marie-Claude St-Amant told the court. "People are worried. They want to know and they don't know and even the city doesn't know how to interpret it."
St-Amant said some owners have been told a veterinary certificate will suffice, while others have been told to get a costly DNA test.
"If it looks like a duck, walks like a duck, quacks like a duck, it's gotta be a duck."
Cadieux said common sense will be used to apply the bylaw, which states American Staffordshire terriers, Staffordshire bull terriers and American pit bull terriers — or any dogs mixed with those breeds or that bear similar physical characteristics — are part of the ban.
"If it looks like a duck, walks like a duck, quacks like a duck, it's gotta be a duck," Cadieux said. "And people will look at it from this criteria"
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Facebook/Atlantic Animal Hospital
"There were flames shooting down the hallway," Rhonda Westenberger told KOCO in February 2013
. "If Baby hadn't woken Evelyn up, I don't think either one of us would have come out of it."
Baby barked and pounced on Westenberger and her sister, Evelyn, alerting them of the smoke filling their Oklahoma home. After the people were taken care of, Baby went back for the five other dogs trapped in the home. According to a family member, one of the dogs was hiding underneath the bed. Baby dragged the dog by the neck outside to safety.
Creature and her owner, Cara Jones, were out on their routine nightly walk when Creature did something out of the ordinary: She bolted from her usual spot to find Carmen Mitchell, an elderly New Jersey woman who suffers from dementia, CBS reported
. Mitchell had separated from her caretaker and lost her way for about eight hours. She was discovered about half a mile from her home, without a coat or shoes. Without Creature's keen sense of smell and unrelenting drive, Mitchell may have been lost for much longer.
(Creature not pictured. See him here.)
Facebook / Tater Tot the Amazing Pit Bull
On his fourth day as a foster dog, TaterTot the pit bull
saved Christi Smith's four-year-old son's life. The pup barked and whimpered in the middle of the night as he paced between Smith and her son Peyton's room in Minneapolis. When Smith check on Peyton, she found him incoherent and barely breathing. At the emergency room, doctors found his blood sugar levels had crashed dangerously. Veterinarian Isis Sanchez told KMSP-TV
that TaterTot's sharp sense of smell helped him sense Peyton's shift in body chemistry.
TaterTot's smart move earned him a permanent home with the family: "I am never going to let this dog go," foster mom-turned-permanent-mom told the Pioneer Press
. "I owe him for the rest of his life."
Here's another story that busts the myth that cats and dogs can't be friends
. Sheree Lewis told HuffPost she saw two coyotes shaking her cat, Kitty, by the neck and tail outside her home in Seminole, Florida. Her son's five-year-old pit bull, Jack, sprinted to the scene and forced the coyotes to let go of the cat. "I didn't know Jack could run that fast. He was on them so fast," Lewis said
. Even before the incident, Jack and Kitty spent a lot of time together. "He probably feels like he's the caretaker," Lewis said.
Jack, Lewis says, is a friendly neighborhood dog and has 15 dog friends where he lives. And he and Kitty are very close. "There was instant acceptance from both of them on their first meeting," Lewis says. "They sometimes sleep together and Jack keeps tabs on her. He even herds her back in if she slips outside. He is her hero! He's an amazing dog and a great ambassador for a very misunderstood breed."
Facebook/Ring Dog Rescue
On Halloween 2013, Chaco suffered 12 stab wounds while protecting his owner, a woman in Richmond, Virginia, from an attack by her abusive partner. The damage done to the heroic dog racked up over $3,000 in veterinary expenses. All of the cost was covered -- within a day of fundraising by Ring Dog Rescue
and Gracie's Guardians
-- by generous donations through PayPal
Four-year-old Mercey jumped in front of her owner in Edmonton, Alberta when four males broke into their apartment and attacked with a machete. CTV News reports
the dog suffered from life-threatening injuries after the attack, and local police officers pitched in to help cover the costs.
Read more about the story here.
Facebook / Elle The Pit Bull
In 2013, this 5-year-old, sweet-faced pit was named the American Hero Dog
by the American Humane Association
. Elle works as a therapy dog in Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, where she aids in teaching children about dog safety and helps people overcome their fear of dogs. Elle's demeanor and recent award count as considerable progress
for changing the misconceptions associated with pit bulls.
Facebook / Terrance McGlade
Ohio resident Terry McGlade is a military vet who suffers from seizure disorder and PTSD after being targeted by a roadside bomb while serving in Afghanistan. His service pit Major is trained to recognize signs of his problems. Sure enough, when he collapsed from a seizure, Major pulled McGlade's phone from his pocket and pawed the screen -- which is set up to automatically dial 911 -- until it called the police. The emergency responders say they didn't hear anything on the other line, but sent help to McGlade's home to check the scene. When the police arrived, Major was waiting in McGlade's front yard, and brought them to the back where his owner lay unconscious.
"I probably would have been in severe trouble if he wouldn't have called,” McGlade told Ohio's ABC6.
“Right now, he is my world because he is an extension to my body. I don't think I could operate in the everyday world without him right now.”
Facebook / Peaches the Wonder Pit
was once slated to be euthanized, as part of an animal cruelty case in Georgia. Now, the Charlotte-based rescue pit is raising morale across the country. In April 2013, the pooch took a work trip to Boston to cheer police officers at the memorial at the marathon finish line.
"She's got a good, quiet spirit ... She'll sit still forever," Peaches' owner Jennifer Bashford told NBC Charlotte
. "She knows people just want to love on her." The therapy dog offered relief to many who needed it. "It's just great for people to kind of take a break from all the stress that's going on and to be able just to pet a dog and sit for a second."
Angelis Proctor, a little girl from Leicester, England, has a basset hound and pit bull to thank for rescuing her from a fox attack. When the two dogs saw a fox bite Angelis by the pants, they chased the aggressive animal away, and then returned to check on the child, the Telegram reported in 2010
. In this case, a fox should be wary to mess with anyone close to a hound (or pit).
Flickr / Leah Bluntschli
In 2006, a young boy in Fort Collins, Colorado was picking up toys in his backyard one night when a man attempted to pull him over the fence while covering his mouth. Destiny, a two-year-old pit bull, charged the invader, who then released the child and fled the scene, the Denver Post reported
A pit bull with a sharp nose was this little cat's best friend. Around Christmas of 2010, when Phoebe was on her regular morning walk in Troy, New York, she responded to mews she heard from a cardboard ditched among a pile of trash. The box was sealed with tape -- there was only a small hole, through which Phoebe stuck her nose, Times Union reports
. The pair found a cat trapped inside.
Once alerted to the box, Phoebe's owner Melissa called the police. Troy animal control took the small gray cat to the veterinary hospital, where is was treated and officially named "Jack in the Box."
(Phoebe not pictured. Read more about her here.)
Facebook / Fans of Stitch
Stitch's cleft lip and palate has given strength to two children with the same birth defect, reports MyNews4.com and KRNV
. When the pit was six months old, his foster parent and licensed vet technician Chrissy Boyles put out word to raise money for surgeries to correct the dog's deformities. Ashlee Rodman, mother to Sam and Lily who were both born with cleft lip and palate, saw the fundraiser and knew the pooch would help her kids through their own surgeries.
Rodman says the special pit has helped her kids feel special, too. When four-year-old Sam was nervous about his surgeries, he'd look at Stitch's Facebook page to remember that if Stitch could go through hard stuff, so could he. "I just wanted to show my kids that they are not alone," Rodman said to KRNV. "It’s not only other humans that have this, cleft lip and palate, but animals have it also."
Tumblr / The Dog Journal
More than 2,000 people, along with a dog named Cletus, walked on stage at Idaho State University's 2014 graduation ceremony. The service dog accepted a diploma on behalf of Josh Kelly, his companion who suffered from epilepsy. It took Kelly, a geosciences major, a decade to graduate because of his challenging disability. The dedicated student passed away in February, but Idaho State granted Kelly's dad and dog the opportunity to accept his posthumous diploma. Cletus and Kelly would walk a total of four miles each day to catch the bus to and from school, Kelly's father told NPG Idaho
ISU has officially changed the name of an undergrad study hall in the geosciences department to "Cletus' Corner" to honor Kelly and his faithful service dog.
Facebook / Lilly the Hero Pit Bull
One late evening in May 2012, a freight train conductor riding in Shirley, Massachusetts saw the silhouette of a person and a dog on the tracks ahead. He radioed for the train to stop, but could tell there wasn't going to be enough time. Christine Spain had tripped on the tracks while walking her dog, Lilly
, and fell unconscious. The conductor saw that the silhouette was moving -- Lilly was attempting to pull her immobilized owner off the tracks. As the train passed over the pair, the conductor claims to have felt a thump. When he was able to safely exit the train, he found Spain unscathed; Lilly had covered her owner and took the hit for her.
While waiting for emergency services, Lilly continued to watch over Spain, though the dog herself was suffering from extreme injuries, including to her front right leg, which had to be amputated in surgery.