BUSINESS
11/19/2018 10:28 EST | Updated 11/19/2018 10:48 EST

Nissan Chair Carlos Ghosn Arrested, Dismissed From Job Over Misconduct Allegations

Nissan shares fell 14 per cent in Monday trading.

Chairman and CEO of Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Carlos Ghosn looks on during a visit to a Renault factory in Maubeuge, northern France, Nov. 8, 2018. Ghosn was arrested Monday and will be dismissed after he allegedly under-reported his income and engaged in other misconduct.
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Chairman and CEO of Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Carlos Ghosn looks on during a visit to a Renault factory in Maubeuge, northern France, Nov. 8, 2018. Ghosn was arrested Monday and will be dismissed after he allegedly under-reported his income and engaged in other misconduct.

YOKOHAMA, Japan — Nissan Motor Co.'s high-flying chairman Carlos Ghosn was arrested Monday and will be dismissed after he allegedly under-reported his income and engaged in other misconduct, the company said Monday.

The Japanese automaker's CEO Hiroto Saikawa confirmed that Ghosn was arrested after being questioned by prosecutors following his arrival in Japan earlier in the day.

It was a stunning development that will pose a daunting test for the Nissan-Renault-Mitsubishi alliance, one of the world's biggest automakers.

Watch: Who is Carlos Ghosn? (story continues below)

The Yokohama-based company said the alleged violations involving millions of dollars by Ghosn, 64, and another executive were discovered during a months' long investigation that was instigated by a whistleblower.

"Beyond being sorry I feel great disappointment, frustration, despair, indignation and resentment," Saikawa said, apologizing for a full 7 minutes at the outset of the news conference. "I want to minimize the bewilderment and the impact on the operation and our business partners."

Nissan said it was providing information to the prosecutors and co-operating with their investigation. The allegations also concern a Nissan representative director, Greg Kelly, who was also arrested.

Saikawa said Nissan's board will vote Thursday on dismissing both Ghosn and Kelly, who he described as the "mastermind" of the alleged abuses.

"This is an act that cannot be tolerated by the company," he said. "This is serious misconduct."

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Saikawa said three major types of misconduct were found, including under-reporting income, using investment funds for personal gain and illicit use of company expenses.

Asked why the company had failed to spot the illicit activity for so long, Saikawa said it was because a "system in the company" allowed a lack of transparency that made the wrongdoing possible.

Throughout the news conference he repeatedly said he was constrained by the ongoing investigation from disclosing many of the details of the case. But he promised to beef up corporate governance, adding that the problems may have happened because too much power was concentrated in one person.

"We need to really look back at what happened, take it seriously and take fundamental countermeasures," he said.

"This is an act that cannot be tolerated by the company. ... This is serious misconduct."Nissan CEO Hiroto Saikawa

Already at Nissan for 19 years, Ghosn signed a contract earlier this year that would have run through 2022. His compensation, high by Japan's moderate standards for executive pay, has been an issue over the years.

According to NHK and the Kyodo News Service, Nissan paid Ghosn nearly 10 billion yen ($89 million) over five years through March 2015, including salary and other income from the company, but reported as if he only made 5 billion yen ($44 million), or half of what he had received.

Nissan's annual securities report shows Ghosn received annual remuneration exceeding 1 billion yen ($8.9 million) until fiscal 2016, when shareholders voted against his pay package and his annual pay dropped to 735 million yen ($6.5 million) in 2017, down more than 30 per cent.

Shares in Renault SA of France plunged 14 per cent early Monday. The news of Ghosn's troubles broke after Japanese markets had closed for the day.

Scandal after scandal

The allegations are a serious blow at a time when Nissan and Mitsubishi Motor Co. are still overcoming scandals over their quality testing reporting.

Ghosn is credited with helping engineer a remarkable turnaround at Nissan over the past two decades, resuscitating the Japanese automaker from near bankruptcy after he was sent in by Renault.

For the past two decades, he has maintained an unusually high profile in a nation where foreign chief executives of major Japanese companies are still relatively rare.

He looms similarly large in France, where the business world saw him as a trailblazer from outside the traditional French mould who turned Renault around and made it into a global player, notably in electric vehicles. He also led the French carmaker through massive job cuts and a costly, contentious bailout amid the world financial meltdown a decade ago and what he called a "crisis of massive proportions" for the auto industry.

Ghosn has also been a nemesis for French unions and left-wing politicians, who saw him as a symbol of globalized, U.S.-driven capitalism and its excesses — and notably its executive pay packages.

Shareholders at Renault voted in 2016 against Ghosn's pay package, seeing it as too generous — but the board ignored the vote. That prompted the ire of then-President Francois Hollande. Hollande's socialist government imposed limits on executive pay at state-run companies and tried to do the same in the private sector but backed down amid concerns that it would scare away foreign investment.

'Le cost cutter'

Nicknamed "Le Cost Cutter," Ghosn's appointment inspired fears of social and economic upheaval amid plant closings, mass layoffs and the potential damage his reforms might inflict on Nissan's ties with its suppliers. But his triumph in turning the company around and introducing greater efficiency made him something of a national hero.

Ghosn served as Nissan's chief executive from 2001 until April 2017, becoming chief executive of Renault in 2005, leading the two major automakers simultaneously. In 2016, Ghosn became Mitsubishi Motors' chairman.

Asked if Ghosn was a charismatic leader or a despot, Saikawa said that as an outsider, "He achieved much that many others could not do in reforms, especially in the beginning."

"This is the negative outcome of the long regime of Mr. Ghosn. But over these 19 years we have been developing many things," Saikawa said. "He was a part of that but it was the result of hard work by many people."

Associated Press writers Mari Yamaguchi in Tokyo and Angela Charlton in Paris contributed.