09/09/2016 03:43 EDT | Updated 09/10/2016 10:51 EDT

13 Everyday Ways To Help Prevent Suicide

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Man with head in hands, woman behind

Saturday is World Suicide Prevention Day. Suicide must surely be out of the closet by now. It happens. It happens every 40 seconds, on average, around the globe per the World Health Organization.

Even more startling are the numbers of those who have attempted suicide. The National Suicide Research Foundation reports that suicide attempts are 20 times greater than a suicide.

And let us not forget the surviving loved ones of those who have died by suicide. The estimates start at five people being impacted per suicide and have risen to 32 or more people who are directly in the wake of a single suicide.

Why does suicide happen?

Generally speaking, suicide happens because at that moment in time -- and with the likely impact of extreme emotional pain, haywire neurochemistry, constricted thinking, trauma, dire circumstances, and/or the influence of substances -- it felt like the only response to end the agony of their life.

We are talking about a great deal of pain -- be it the person who died by suicide, attempted suicide, considered suicide and/or is surviving the loss of a loved by suicide.

What can we do to help make a difference?

We all need a helping hand from time to time.

Here are 13 small steps that we can all take to help tip the balance in favor of life. We never know the impact we make on one another:

1 Be neighbourly.

Reach out to decrease loneliness and isolation. I love the story of the woman who would occasionally leave freshly baked pies for her very lonely, dismissive and cantankerous neighbour. After almost 16 months, the wall finally came down and a connection was made.

2. Become the anti-bully.

Become tolerant of others. Don't punish differences. Be it hair colour, body size, sexual preferences, clothing choices, religion, culture, race, socioeconomic status, level of education, kind of work, appearance or any other something that is different from you, learn to accept. Making someone feel small, belittled and terrified does not serve any of us. And that kind of terror begets terror. Let's stop the cycle and increase the cognitive dissonance around bullying.

3. Seek help.

Check out your local resources and find help for your depression, addiction, run-away anxiety, PTSD and other mental health concerns. You don't have to do it alone. There's no shame in getting help. Ever. We all need a helping hand from time to time.

4. Be kind.

Give others the benefit of the doubt. Lend a helping hand. Offer a smile. Or simply be present and acknowledge. Kindness is never wasted. It positively shifts energies and impacts the neuroplasticity of our brains. Not only does kindness makes us feel good, it's good prophylactic medicine.

5. Be proactive.

Write a check, volunteer or take steps to help those of in need of a job, a bed, a meal or how to read a book. Advocate for mental health resources. Support our veterans. Every little bit does count.

6. Work on your emotional intelligence (EQ).

Fluency in expressing our feelings in a direct, non-threatening way we can make a huge difference in our personal interactions. It helps us feel connected and understood. After all, we are social beings.

7. Make peace with yourself.

No more cursing at your inner demons. No more emotionally leaking or ranting and raving due to your unhealed childhood wounds. If needed, get help. And learn to accept - and, even, love - your very humanness.

8. No more bad-mouthing.

Put an end to the snarky comments, gossiping and mean-spirited character attacks. Put away judgment and criticism. We never know someone's situation, particular context or backstory. As the saying goes, everyone is struggling and fighting their own battles. A running, pejorative commentary of another only causes more pain. And pain begets more pain.

9. Develop your cultural IQ (CQ).

We all share one blue-green marble. Let's respect our wealth of cultures and learn to understand one another. The more we learn, the greater are our experiences as we expand our respective comfort zones. Crickets may not be my go-to food, but I am happy you are enjoying your crunchy meal. There is room and space for each of us.

10. Practise compassion.

Who needs judgment? Practise compassion. Compassion asks us to walk in one another's shoes. Compassion asks us to treat others the way we would wish to be treated. Compassion asks us to lead from the heart.

Our actions often speak louder than our words.

11. Practise Latitude.

Everyone has a bad day, a bad season or, even, a bad couple of years. Sometimes, we just need to let it go, let it slide and give the other person (or ourselves) a break. Sometimes, what we don't say can be the greatest gift of all. Latitude allows us to take a breath and re-center.

In the behavioural sciences, we know that accentuating the positive goes much farther than harping on the negative. With discernment, you will know where to practise latitude.

12. Talk and disempower the stigma of suicide.

Suicide is universal and global. It has been around since the earliest of times. Suicide has been tainted by taboo, shame and guilt. Don't be afraid to talk about suicide. Bring it out in the open. Don't be afraid to ask. The "S" word is far too prevalent for us to ignore its presence or to be in denial. Let's have heart-to-heart conversations and put suicide in the light of day. No more secrets. No more hiding. Let's talk. Let's connect and change the paradigm.

13. Be a power of example.

Our actions often speak louder than our words. Walk in your integrity, coherence and with an open heart. Share some of your light. It can help ease the darkness.

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