09/03/2019 14:23 EDT

Children’s Mental Health Can Benefit From Team Sports: Study

Going back to school can be hard on students, but there may be a way to help.

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A new study says there’s plenty of benefits to team sports, like optimism, feelings of belonging, and greater life satisfaction in young students.

Now that it’s September, kids will be back to waking up early, wolfing down their breakfasts and filing onto yellow buses to be shuttled off to school. And though this transition can be exciting for some kids, for others, it can provoke feelings of stress and anxiety.

New research from the University of British Columbia suggests a way to help.

A study, published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence, found that students who participated in team-based extracurricular activities reported positive mental health indicators, like a stronger sense of optimism, feelings of belonging, and more satisfaction with life.

The study’s research team surveyed 10,000 B.C. students in Grade 4, and then revisited them in Grade 7, and questioned them about their mental wellbeing, their relationships with others, and how they spent their time out of class.

Watch: U.S. ruling allows some students to take mental health days. Story continues below.

The students were then analyzed as four separate groups: those who participated in all activities (sports and non-sports), those who didn’t participate in anything, those who primarily played sports, and those who primarily participated in individual activities, like art or music.

Eva Oberle, the study’s lead author, found that kids who participated in team sports specifically experienced greater mental health benefits — including less anxiety and depressive symptoms — than those who did individual activities, as well as those who did not partake in any extracurriculars.

“What we found was, over time, the kids who did nothing in Grade 4 but by Grade 7 they had shifted to activities [had] benefits for mental health, specifically those kids who had shifted to activities that involve team sports,” Oberle told CBC.

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Students who take music courses also experience benefits, such as higher academic achievement and positive mental health.

But the study also found that the mental health improvements had nothing to do with the actual activity. It was about the act of participating.

“The results of our study shouldn’t be interpreted as ‘team sports are good’ and ‘individual activities — like tutoring or music classes — are not,’” she said in a news release. Team sports are not the only extracurricular activity that benefits students.

Another recent study conducted by UBC found high school students who took music courses experienced higher academic achievement than their non-musical peers. Likewise, it’s possible that team musical activities, like band or orchestra, could also contribute to positive mental health changes.

“The key point is that extracurricular activities that allow children to establish meaningful relationships with their peers can support their positive mental health,” Oberle said. “Group activities like team sports may naturally do this, whereas other activities may need to deliberately integrate some additional strategies to better support peer connectedness.”

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Team sports help students build meaningful relationships with one another.

There are other known benefits to team sports. Some of them — like the mental health benefits of fitness itself — are more well-known than others. Studies have already found that exercise reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression, and team sports have been linked with things like higher life satisfaction, lower stress levels, and better memory. (Even better bone density is on the table.)

With that being said, extracurricular activities can get pretty expensive. A 2018 Ipsos study found a majority of Canadian families felt stretched thin by after-school programs, and that nearly a third of those surveyed used debt to fund those costs.

That doesn’t mean it’s impossible, though. If you’re interested in getting your kid involved in recreational sports, but you’re worried about budgeting, here are a few tips you can use to ensure you keep your costs low.

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Carpooling is one way to offset some of the costs of extracurricular activities.

Don’t do everything all at once

Think about focusing on one sport or activity per kid, per season. Doing too much can both distract them from their academic responsibilities and puncture a hole in your budget.

Try sampling the activity first

Parents sometimes hesitate to commit to something their kid might move on from quickly. In this case, think about sports sampling: short-term programs — like the ones that run over summer or Christmas break — that focus on a particular sport or other activity. This way, if your kid doesn’t like it, you haven’t spent a ton of money and can think about trying something else.

Start up a carpooling system

It’s easy to forget about the transportation costs of getting kids to and from games and practices. A great way to save gas money and time is to form a carpool system with other parents, especially if their kids happen to live near yours. 

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Don't pay full price — there are lots of ways to get sports equipment for cheap.

Rent, buy, or borrow used equipment

Sometimes, the latest gear isn’t necessarily the greatest. There are plenty of stores — consignment, secondhand, and thrift — that sell new and used equipment, like Play It Again Sports, Kijiji, Craigslist, and eBay. 

Ask friends and neighbours

Many parents have old sports gear that their kids once used, but have since outgrown, and is now collecting dust in their basements or garages. It’s not a bad idea to ask whether you can buy or borrow some of their old equipment.

Check out community centre programs

The more competitive “club” leagues in sports tend to use paid coaches, and often require more money to pay for membership, equipment, and faraway tournament-related fees. But some local community centres, if your kid is young and new to a sport, might be a good place to look for free recreational sports programs that don’t require a yearlong commitment.