Three Canadian cities are among the best cities to live in the world, according to a new survey.
The Global Liveability Index ranked 140 cities based on stability, health care, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
Calgary, Vancouver and Toronto received some of the highest scores for liveability out of 140 cities evaluated. Calgary came fifth, Vancouver ranked sixth and Toronto was in seventh place.
Austria’s capital city, Vienna, finished first on the list. Vienna scored full marks in areas such as stability, health care, education and infrastructure. Overall, it received a whopping 99.1 out of 100 percentage points, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) annual survey found.
In second place was Melbourne, Australia, with a score of 98.4, and Sydney was third, the EIU said. The only other European city to grace the top 10 list was Copenhagen, Denmark, which came in ninth place.
Other top-ranked cities were Osaka, which finished fourth, and Tokyo, which came in tied with Toronto for seventh.
The 10 most liveable cities:
The 10 least liveable cities:
Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
There was little movement in the top 10 list compared with last year’s rankings. Vienna remained in first place, with Melbourne following closely behind. The year before that, Vienna had knocked the Australian city off the top spot, where it had reigned supreme for seven consecutive years.
This year, Sydney rose from fifth to third place, thanks to an improvement in its culture and environment score. However, it still remains behind its rival, Melbourne.
In 2018, Calgary ranked fourth on the list, Vancouver was sixth and Toronto finished eighth.
Watch: Here’s the top 10 list from last year. Story continues below.
The report’s authors suggested the deterioration in culture and environment scores is of concern, largely down to the effects of climate change. Cities which received reduced scores in this category included New Delhi in India, which suffers from “appalling” air quality, Cairo in Egypt, where air quality is also a major issue, and Dhaka in Bangladesh.
“Despite the risk to future scores posed by climate change, a longer-term view suggests that overall liveability has been improving in recent years,” the authors wrote.
“In our sample of global cities, the average liveability score has increased by 0.5 percentage points, to just under 76, over the past five years, driven primarily by higher scores in the stability category.”