The Statistics Canada survey analyzed the experiences of 7,085 respondents who gave birth in 2018 between January and the end of June. The women were surveyed online and by phone five to 13 months after delivery.
The data found 23 per cent reported feelings consistent with either postpartum depression or an anxiety disorder — feelings that are more intense and longer-lasting than the so-called “baby blues” and may not resolve on their own.
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The rate ranged from 16 per cent in Saskatchewan to 31 per cent in Nova Scotia and was especially high among younger respondents. Among those under the age of 25 — numbering between 500 and 550 respondents — 30 per cent reported mental-health issues. That’s compared to 23 per cent of mothers aged 25 and older.
The study also asked mothers about drug use and found three per cent used cannabis during pregnancy and three per cent used cannabis while breastfeeding. In addition, one per cent reported opioid use during pregnancy, including medical use and non-medical use.
The survey was conducted in conjunction with the Public Health Agency of Canada and Health Canada and involved data collected from Nov. 29, 2018 to Feb. 5, 2019. StatCan notes the data only reflect that the respondents had feelings consistent with postpartum depression and/or an anxiety disorder and do not necessarily reflect a professional diagnosis.
Signs of depression or an anxiety disorder may appear within the first year after birth and can last for months or even years. These signs include feelings of sadness, worry, and fatigue.
Survey questions were based on a validated screening tool used to assess postpartum depression known as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, while another known as the Generalized Anxiety Disorder [GAD]-2 scale was used to assess generalized anxiety disorder.
The total sample size for this survey was 13,000. The survey response rate was 55 per cent, which resulted in 7,085 respondents.
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